Maslows Hierarchy Essay

431 WordsMar 4, 20132 Pages
Maslow * Maslow’s hierarchy represents an important shift in psychology – Rather than focusing on abnormal behavior & development, Maslow’s humanistic psychology was focused on the development of healthy individuals. * A key aspect of the model is the hierarchical nature of needs. The lower the needs in the hierarchy, the more fundamental they are and the more a person will tend to abandon the higher needs in order to pay attention to sufficiently meeting the lower needs. * Maslow called (Levels 1-4) “D needs” because they are triggered when we have a deficit. (like Food water shelter love affection self-esteem) * Maslow believed that you have to satisfy lower level basic needs before progressing on to meet higher level growth needs. Once those needs have been reasonably satisfied, you may be able to reach the highest level called self -actualization. * Everyone is capable & has the desire to move up towards self -actualization. Unfortunately, progress is often disrupted by failure to meet lower needs. Life experiences including divorce and job loss may cause an individual to fluctuate between some of the levels of the hierarchy. * Maslow noted that only one in a hundred people become fully self- actualized because our society rewards motivation primarily based on esteem, love and other social needs. ***(Read the list of self- actualized characteristics) * Only self – actualization -- the 5th / top level is a need that we seek for solely positive reasons. Maslow also called them “instinctoid” or instinctual because he thought they were genetically programmed into us and essential for evolutionary survival. * Loss of these during childhood can lead to trauma and lifelong fixation. * While the pyramid has become the de facto way to represent the hierarchy, Maslow himself never used a pyramid
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