Maslow’s Theory of Hierarchical of Needs

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Running head: MASLOW’S THEORY 1 Maslow’s theory of hierarchical of needs By Robin Reid Everest University Online MASLOW’S THEORY 2 Maslow’s theory of hierarchical of needs Maslow wanted to understand what motivates people. He believed that individuals possess a set of motivation systems unrelated to rewards or unconscious desires. He created a model, or pyramid, divided into five stages of hierarchal needs. Physical needs, safety needs, belonging needs, self-esteem, and self-actualization. A person needs to satisfy lower level basic needs such as physical needs in order to progress to the higher level of self-actualization. Sometimes, however, life experiences including divorce or loss of a job can cause a person to fluctuate between the levels of hierarchy. The first level, being the lowest, is physical needs. Air, food, drink, shelter, warmth, sex, and sleep help us to survive and to continue future generations. The second level of needs is safety. Protection from the elements, security, law, order, limits, and ability can be met by communication, which helps protect us from any type of dangers or harm. The third level of needs is belonging, or social, such as work groups, family, affection, and relationships. We all need others in order to enjoy life, feel comfortable at work, and fit into social groups. We want to be in other’s company, have acceptance, and affirmation with the ability to give them back to others. People who deprive themselves of human interaction over a long period of time may fail to develop a concept of themselves as humans, which leads to the fourth level, self-esteem. Self-esteem involves mastery, independence, status, dominance, prestige, and involves valuing and respecting ourselves as well as others. However without self-esteem it is difficult to achieve the fifth level, the

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