When the physical needs are taken care of, these second layers of needs comes into play. You will become increasingly interested in finding safe circumstances, stability, and protection. You might develop a need for structure, for order and to have some limits. Looking at it negatively, you become concerned, not with needs like hunger and thirst, but with your fears and anxieties. In the ordinary American adult, this set of needs manifest themselves in the form of our urges to have a home in a safe neighborhood, have some job security, money saved up, a retirement plan and insurance, and so on.
Safety – this includes physical, enviromental and emotional safety and protection. Such needs may be fulfilled by: living in a safe area medical insurance job security financial reserves Once a person has met the lower level physiological and safety needs, higher level needs become important, the first of which are social needs. Social Needs – are basicly the needs to interact with other human being, they mihgt include: need for friends need for belonging need to give and recive love Esteem Needs – are two types: internal esteem needs (self-respect, confidence, competence, achievment, freedom) and external (recognition, power, status,
The second level of needs is safety. Protection from the elements, security, law, order, limits, and ability can be met by communication, which helps protect us from any type of dangers or harm. The third level of needs is belonging, or social, such as work groups, family, affection, and relationships. We all need others in order to enjoy life, feel comfortable at work, and fit into social groups. We want to be in other’s company, have acceptance, and affirmation with the ability to give them back to others.
Maslow's Hierarchy of needs helps to explain how these needs motivate us all. Maslow's Hierarchy of needs states that we must meet the expectations, starting with the first, which is the most news for survival itself. Only when we are well being with the lower orders needs we are concerned with the another higher stage. if our lower order of needs are lost, we can no longer maintain our higher order needs. The five stages are Biological and physiological needs, Safety needs, Belongingness and love needs, Esteem needs and Self - Actualization needs.
It sounds simple but what he meant by this was more complex. He believed that our senses were deceptive and that we could only rely on reason. You could only experience what is real, by experiencing it rationally. What he is basically saying is that what is not there, cannot possibly be experienced, therefore, it is manditory that we use reason to always be sure of what is happening. Thales idea is hard to believe because although water is an important part of being healthy, we are not completely made up of water.
Love/Belonging Basically, this covers everything social. To exceed this portion, one needs a feeling of being loved and/or a feeling of belonging where they are. 4. Esteem The phrase “you have to love yourself before others can love you” is a bit of a fallacy as far as this hierarchy is concerned. Maslow’s Hierarchy is actually of the opinion that you need to be loved, safe and surviving to love yourself.
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs has often been represented in hierarchal pyramid with five levels. The four levels (lower-order needs) are considered physiological needs, while the top level is considered growth needs. The lower needs need to be satisfied before higher-order needs can influence behavior chart below. * Self- actualization-morality, creativity, problem solving * Esteem- confidence, self-esteem, respect * Belongingness- love, friendship, family * Safety- security of environment, employment, health * Physiology-air, food, water, sex, sleep, other factors I as a person need to communicate with others to get my voice heard to feel as if I have the belonging, need. Being that I was deprived as a child to have a normal life.
Once these needs are met, people need safety and security, for example, a safe working environment by having law, limits and stability. Maslow theorised that only when the basic needs of emotional well being and physical wellbeing were met, people could concentrate on higher order needs of influence and personal development. Social needs refer to the feeling of belonging or being part of a group. Once that person feels like they belong, they develop a want to gain a degree of importance. Esteem needs can be categorised by external or internal motivators, self respect, accomplishment, self- esteem are all internal motivators.
Our appetite and body plays a role in this level. Without certain elements, proteins, calcium, nutrients, and water, how can we progress or live on to develop other needs. If these needs and others go unsatisfied, all others may become nonexistent. Once these needs are fulfilled we can then start moving up the pyramid to fulfill other needs. The second stage is safety needs or security needs.
He placed these needs into the shape of a pyramid, in which the bottom layer consists of our lower motivational needs such as physiological needs, leading up to the top layer consisting of the higher motivational needs such as self-actualization. He believed that when a person satisfies their basic needs, they can then move up the pyramid to fulfill their higher needs. Abraham Maslow’s theory on human motivation is an accurate portrayal of how human needs affect their behavior. Many people have agreed with Maslow on his theory. In order for people to continue on with their daily tasks or life goals, they need to satisfy their most basic needs.