Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

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Hierarchy of Needs: Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of needs was first introduced in his 1943 paper called 'A theory of Human Motivation' and subsequently his1954 book 'Motivation and Personality'. It suggests that there are certain needs laid out in each level of the hierarchy, most often displayed as a pyramid with the most basic needs at the bottom, should be met by the person in order to climb the needs hierarchy. The lower levels of the hierarchy are made up of the most basic needs, the more complex needs at the top. Physical needs such as food, water, sleep and warmth are basic and at the bottom of the pyramid. Once these lower level needs are met, the person may then move on to the next level in the hierarchy. With progression up the levels of the hierarchy pyramid comes needs which become increasingly psycological and social, making the need for love, friendship and intimacy become more important. The top of the pyramid has an emphasis on the importance of self-actualization, a process of growing and developing as a person in order to achieve individual potential. Physiological Needs: Breathing, food, water, sex, sleep, homeostasis, excretion. Safety and Security Needs: Security of: body, employment, resoufces, morality, the family, health, property. Love and Belonging (Social) Needs: Friendship, family, sexual intimacy. Esteem Needs: Self-esteem, confidence, achievement, respect of others, respect by others. Self-actualizing Needs Morality, creativity, spontaneity, problem solving, lack of prejudice, acceptance of facts. Physiological Needs: Physiological needs, for the most part are obvious, literal requirements for human survival. Without these needs being met the human body cannot function. A human that lacks in food, love, esteem or safety would consider their greatest need to be food. Air, water and food are

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