Maslow Theory Essay

390 WordsJul 15, 20132 Pages
Maslow suggested that needs at the base of the pyramid, which include such things as food, water and sleep, must be met before people can move on to needs higher up on the hierarchy. After these basic needs are fulfilled, people move on to the need for safety and security, then belonging and love and then esteem. (Maslow, A. H. (1943). Finally, once all these lower-level needs are met, Maslow suggested that people move on the need at Researchers conducted surveys on food, shelter, safety, money, social support, respect and emotions in 155 different countries between 2005 and 2010. While some aspects of their findings are consistent with Maslow's theory, there were also some notable departures. The needs described in the theory appear to be universal. In his 1943 paper "A Theory of Human Motivation" Abraham Maslow attempted to formulate a needs-based framework of human motivation. Later on, he extended the idea, and the full theory, Maslow's hierarchy of needs, was expressed in his book Motivation and Personality in 1954. (Maslow, A. H. (1968). Maslow studied only exemplary people such as Albert Einstein, Jane Addams, Eleanor Roosevelt, and Frederick Douglas. He didn't study mentally ill and neurotic people, writing that "the study of crippled, stunted, immature, and unhealthy specimens can yield only a cripple psychology and a cripple philosophy."( McLeod, S. A. (2007). In spite of the perpetual cycle of human wars, murder, deceit, etc, Maslow believed that humans tend toward growth and love, and that violence is not natural for human nature. Humans only get violent when their needs are thwarted. He did not believe that humans use violence, lie, cheat or steal simply because they enjoy doing it. References 1. Maslow, A. H. (1943). A Theory of Human Motivation. Psychological Review, 50(4), 370-96. 2. Maslow, A. H. (1954). Motivation and Personality.
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