Running Head: MARGARET FLOY WASHBURN Margaret Floy Washburn: Life and Legacy Carlos Davila St. Mary’s University Abstract Margaret Floy Washburn was born in 1871. Washburn, being the first woman to complete a degree in psychology, completed her education at an early age. It took only two years to for Washburn to complete a Ph. D program. Washburn was fortunate to be tutored by to great structuralist figures in psychology such as Cattell and Titchener.
Even with her extensive work in both areas, she is best known to the general public as the first woman to be grated a PhD in psychology in 1894. Washburn was also the second woman after Mary Whiton Calkins, to be the president of the American Psychological Association in 1921. (American Psychologist, 1970) Washburn was born in New York City in 1871. Her father Francis, an Episcopal priest and her mother, Elizabeth Floy, who was from a very wealthy family, raised her into adulthood. When Margaret was 9 she moved to Ulster County, New York after her father was placed in a parish there.
In 1918 after nearly sixty years of campaigning, some middle class women were granted the vote. It appeared that women had finally overcome societies prejudice and were now considered responsible and sensible enough to be trusted with the franchise. A study of this topic reveals that there was no single reason for women being given the vote. It is possible to identify both long and short term reasons and therefore multiple factors must be considered. The peaceful campaigning of the suffragists’ was a key factor in women receiving the vote.
Spartans were they only Greek society that prescribed a public education for girls. Their education started at age six or seven when they went to live in their sisterhood barracks where they would learn gymnastics, wrestling and combat skills. It is not known whether their training was as rugged and ruthless as the boys but it still would have quite strenuous as it was vital that the girls were to become healthy. At the age of eighteen Spartan women received a skills and fitness test which would access if they were fit to marry. (Crystalinks) According to Xenophon their education was based around the theory of Eugenics which is the idea of bringing about improvement in the type of offspring produced.
Female Pioneer! “It’s not easy to be a Pioneer, but oh, it is fascinating! I would not trade one moment, even the worst moment, for all the riches in the world. “ This quote by Elizabeth Blackwell sends a message that it is hard to be the first but, to be the first and succeed is worth more than anything in the world. Elizabeth Blackwell was the first woman doctor in the USA and was the first woman to get her name added to the Medical Register in the United Kingdom.
In this present day many nurses have indeed contributed to modern medicine like Margaret Sanger. Margaret Sanger devoted her life to legalizing birth control and making it available to woman in the 1800s although she faced many challenges she did not give up until it was legalised and women had access to birth control. This has made life much easier for women nowadays to plan they futures before having children and preventing children been born with diseasesand unwanted pregnancies can be avoided instead of having abortions. People may not agree with the way Margaret went about it and may say she was racist but all races today use birth control pills. Margaret Sanger was born in 1879 in Corning, New York.
Susan Brownell Anthony Women have come a long way in society and much of the thanks go to Susan B. Anthony, who spent her life fighting for the rights of women. Susan B. Anthony was born February 15, 1820 in Adams, Massachusetts. She was brought up in a Quaker family with long activist traditions. Early in her life she developed a sense of justice. Although most girls did not receive a formal education in the early 1800's, Susan B. Anthony's father, Daniel, a 6th generation Quaker, believed in equal treatment for boys and girls.
In the 20th century, women in most nations won the right to vote, this in return increased their educational and job opportunities. Which is a good thing compared to tests that were done in the 1960s that showed that women’s scholastic achievement were higher in early grades than in high school because the teachers and families of girls did not expect them to peruse anything but being a wife and mother (wic.org). I would say that that we have come a long way from the early 20th century. Women in positions of power or women who want to work their way to a position of power still tend to have a glass ceiling over them. This is because history tells us that men hold these types of positions women are gaining and proving that they can do just as well as a man in a position of power.
She wrote at the time how she regretted to be “of the softer sex, and never more than now.” Her book Woman in the Nineteenth Century, initially published as an article in the magazine The Dial, has been considered the first major feminine manifesto. Written in a period when women were not allowed to even have a college education, Woman in the Nineteenth Century is based on the equal nature of man and woman derived from the divine love of God. To compensate the lack of education of women, she hosted meetings with other women in the Boston area to discuss and debate the real purpose of women in life and other topics such as mythology, philosophy, and fine arts. With these “conversations” she gained more widespread exposure and laid the seed in women’s minds about their place in the world. Her work focused basely in social reform instead of individual improvement, which is what makes her work different than those of the Transcendentalists at the
The movie told of a beautiful and mature woman Katherine who taught “History of Art” at Wellesley College which was a conservative women’s school that wasn’t interested in spreading women’s freedom (Newell). Giselle was important character in the movie. She was young, dynamic, and unafraid to fight for a good purpose. She was different from the traditional women because she had an independent attitude towards life, strong heart, and open-minded thoughts to the 1950s American social phenomenon that was being gradually. In the fifteen years of America after World War Ⅱ, to be a “perfect wives” and “five children’s mother” was a women’s dream (Friedan).