Elizabeth Blackwell Changes the World by Mckenzie Murdock English 10th Mrs. Sharpe March 18, 2013 Elizabeth Blackwell Changes the World Thesis: Elizabeth Blackwell positively impacted the health and well being of women and children in the 19th century by becoming the first certified woman doctor, opening an infirmary in New York, and establishing a women’s medical school. I. Introduction II. First certified woman doctor A. Siblings died of disease and so she decided to be a doctor B. Women were typically not doctors C. Problems being admitted to medical school D. Graduated in 1849 III.
Who had greater influence on the training of women in medicine after 1850 – Florence Nightingale or Elizabeth Garrett Anderson? Florence Nightingale and Elizabeth Garret Anderson were both heavily influential women who played major roles in the training of women in medicine. Before these two women there were no female nurses or doctors in Britain. However after years of demonstrating that women could also be doctors or nurses through hard work they heled change the view of women in medicine and paved way for other females to join the profession. After Nightingale came back to England from the Crimean War, she published two books, Notes on Hospital (1859) and Notes on Nursing (1859).
It is impossible to recount the history of female physicians without mentioning Elizabeth Blackwell. Besides for being the first woman with a medical degree, Elizabeth was a major advocate for the acceptance and education of female physicians in the United States and in England. This source titled The Influence of Women in the Profession of Medicine is the address given by Elizabeth to the students of the London School of Medicine for Women in 1890. Blackwell’s intent with this address is to motivate the medical students, define the importance of the female role within medicine, and to emphasize the spiritual aspect of medicine. Blackwell masterfully employs many methods to motivate the women receiving the address to pursue medicine.
Women of the 1800’s were not formally educated, and were expected to be housewives and to rear their children while maintaining domestic chores in order (Flanders 92). Florence Nightingale changed that, and in doing so, she served as an example of a woman breaking out of the societal expectations of the Victorian Age. As the founder of modern nursing, she gave nursing a more prestigious and professional title. People learned to respect nurses and everything they did in order to save lives, especially in times of war (Johnson 127-128). Florence Nightingale, a strong and determined woman ahead of her time, was greatly influential in her life-long efforts toward making significant improvements in the medical field.
(1990, p. 19) Her independence shows as an early age as Horney already decides on the type of path she wanted to pursue in her diaries. Horney decides that she wants to pursue a medical career, one that was considered a man's job. Growing up in a time period where gender roles were extremely distinct, and where women were not taken seriously, Horney would have difficulty expressing her views to her male colleagues. Although a woman was expected to marry and become a housewife, Horney's mother supported her dreams of going into the medical field. Smith (2007, p. 57) states that her “mother was a free-thinking Dutch woman who encouraged her daughter to pursue medical studies.” Such support from her mother will influence Horney's neurosis theories, while her mother's free-thinking attitude is conveyed in Horney's determined personality and opinions.
After graduating from Wheaton in 1948 with a degree in chemistry, she pursued her dream of going to medical school. She applied to both John Hopkins and Harvard. Without Avery knowing at the time, Harvard didn’t accept any females into their program but John Hopkins did. When she got into John Hopkins, it was without a question that’s where she would attend medical school, in fact, her inspiration Emily Bacon went there too. Avery had experienced a major culture shock from attending an all women’s college to finding herself be one of only four women in her class at John Hopkins.
The need for more nurses after world war 11, the advances in medical practice, with new skills and knowledge for nurses made it apparent that the practical method of nursing education was negatively affecting the standard of care provided to patients and it was felt that this method of teaching nurses was not meeting the standard of modern teaching theory and practice. Baccalaureate degree as stated by Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia “is a 4 year academic degree in the science and principles of nursing, granted by a tertiary education university or similarly accredited school”. It further explains “Though one is eligible to sit for the licensing examination to become a registered nurse after
The introduction is well organized. It gives some background information relating to the link between women’s mental health and the oppression women are confronted with in health care practices. Due to the oppressive practices women endure in healthcare, the reader gets an understanding of why the feminist principles are being used more in health care practices and research as a remedy. During the introduction, the author briefly explains how she chose eight articles from nursing journals and examined key statements made from each of the eight authors that conformed to feminist criteria. This was helpful to the reader during the introduction in understanding what criteria the author was examining before reading the analysis.
Personally speaking, I can relate to the comparison of broccoli and nursing theory. As a new nurse, I was resistant to the thought of applying theory to my practice. In the big scheme of nursing care, it appeared to be one more thing to tack on to my list of things to do. After all, I was overwhelmed with meeting the demands of patients, families, and physicians. In addition, I was trying to meet best practice standards, develop effective time management skills so my twelve-hour shift did not become a fourteen-hour shift, and often handling life-threatening situations.
Emma Willard opened a seminary for girls, in Troy, New York, in 1821. Her teaching methods were similar to ones used in the boys' schools, which horrified the parents. Yet clearly parents' disapproval did not stop the girls from wanting an education since from 1821-1872, 12,000 girls attended Willard’s school (Women in America). Once given the chance of an education, many of her students even went on to start their own schools. Yet after that, their was right to a higher education, such as a college.