Marxists View on Education

580 Words3 Pages
Examine Marxists theories of the role of education Marxists theory of the role of education is seen as the opposite of functionalists where they see education as based on value consensus. Marxist approaches offer a more critical view of the role of education and see it as based on class division and capitalist exploitation. Some of the people who are believed to be Marxists include: Karl Marx, Louis Althusser, Samuel Bowles and Herbet Gintis and Paul Willis. Karl Marx was one of the main Marxists who had a strong belief in Marxism. His theory on education is described as a two-class system: the capitalist class and the working class. The capitalist class, named after the bourgeoisie, are the minority class and work as employees who own the means of production such as the land, factories, machinery, etc. They make profit by treating the working class, named after the proletariat, people as slaves and by exploiting them. The working class, who are controlled by the bourgeoisie, are forced to work and use all their labour/ working power to serve the capitalist. As a result, they have no option to not work as they have a poor status in society and work under capitalism is poorly paid, alienating, unsatisfying and something workers have no control of. These two systems are the systems that Marx disagrees with and wanted to change as it is creating conflict between the two classes. He wanted the proletariat to recognise this exploitation and demand higher wages, better working conditions and for the whole capitalism to stop. Furthermore, the Marxist, Louis Althusser has a theory of the role of education as being an important ISA. The ideological state apparatus, which is one of the two elements, that Althusser believes in maintains the rule of the bourgeois by controlling people’s idea, values and beliefs. The ISAs include religion, the mass media and the
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