To begin, Marx and Smith both disagreed about the idea of who should run the government: the commoners, or the wealthy. Karl Marx believed that the capitalist class was only paying the commoners very little amounts of money while they took a majority of the profits for themselves. Marx wanted everyone to have an equal amount of money so that all of the labor done in a society will be evenly distributed throughout and no one will be cheated for how much labor they have done. Although this could have some bad consequences, for example if one man works hard every day at work compared to a man who barely shows up for work and when he does, he does little work, they both get paid the same. This is quite unjust.
Communists do not stand apart from other workers, but are made up of the most advanced political sections of the working class. Marx says that Communists have been "reproached" for desiring to abolish the "right" of acquiring private property through the fruits of one's labor. However, he points out laborers do not acquire any property through their labor. Marx said " we communists have been reproached with the desire of abolishing the right of personally……..to be the groundwork of all personal freedom, activity and independence.” (374) Marx wanted to abolish all individuality freedom, and independence. Marx argument was against the "infamous" communist proposal of abolishing the family.
As a political philosopher, Marx disapproved of the capitalist system; particularly on the way how production was run. Therefore along with other economists, Karl Marx created communism. Marx’s communism is described to have no class structure and the wealth of production is served to reach the needs of common good. Both Adam Smith and Karl Marx were writing in different socio- economic times, hence it is not surprising that their ideas conflicted with each other. Adam Smith lived through a mercantile system, which he highly opposed therefore the idea of a free market system seemed to be the best solution in a time period before the industrial revolution.
Karl Marx was a late 19th Century thinker. He saw class as being the central category for analysing social relation and social struggles. This is because he believed that class struggles drive the social changes in our societies ‘The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles’. (Marx, Engels, 1848, pg.8) He viewed class objectively, defining it by the ownership of property. The class struggle’s which Marx refers to above is that of the Bourgeoisie, who own the means of production and the proletariat, who sell their labour.
This is a rather microcosmic topic but it is important because estranged labour is the basis for all of Marx's writing, most importantly, 'The Communist Manifesto.' Revealing Marx In Karl Marx's early writing on "estranged labour" there is a clear and prevailing focus on the plight of the labourer. Marx's writing on estranged labour is and attempt to draw a stark distinction between property owners and workers. In the writing Marx argues that the worker becomes estranged from his labour because he is not the recipient of the product he creates. As a result labour is objectified, that is labour becomes the object of mans existence.
Heather Moorehead M4 – Written Assignment 1.) Export capital for production abroad The exporting of capital for production would not be supported by a utilitarian and would be found to be unethical. A utilitarian would argue that by allowing our capital to be produced abroad we would be hurting ourselves domestically by giving up potential jobs to workers internationally and by limiting domestic usage. In today’s economy a company can set up production plants in virtually any country they want, and most tend to go where the cost of labor is least expensive. A utilitarian’s goal is to determine how to obtain “the greatest possible balance of good over bad for everyone effected by our actions” (Shaw & Barry, 2013).
Contingency Theory has various styles of leadership and no two workers are motivated the same way (Lewis, Packard, & Lewis, 2007, p. 278). Based on the interaction on how the supervisor and the employee’s role intertwined with each other it was clear to see that the supervisor assumed and expected certain expectations in the workplace and assumed that along with that the client’s needs would also be met. As we seen the situation play out we also noticed the lack of motivation to practice the token system with the clients coming from the employees’ point of view. The challenge there was that competency and practice of the method were not being held to the same standard as the supervisors’ vision. If the supervisor has a strong sense of that method and knowledge of it, the employees were not reflexing the same in this example.
I completely agree with Morrison and the remarks he made to the senate with the discontent of the workers and himself. It is not fair how the machinists are losing jobs and getting wage cuts because the machines are getting so advanced being that there one day will be no work at all for the average working man. The working man just wants to be assured that they will no matter what always have their jobs and that is why they have set up labor unions to protect the workers. Some might disagree with me and say it is more logical and better for there to be machines rather then workers, but I would tell them what they would think if all the average working men and women are to be laid off because computers and machines have completely taken over. How would they support their families, how would they put food on the table, how would they pay for houses for their familes to live in.
The minimum wage was far lower than the livable wage, however, welfare reform was expecting people to become independent through these unlivable minimum wages. True independence with minimum wage was never a possibility and the lives of the impoverished only became more dire. Due to the low minimum wage, Ehrenreich was forced to find a second job, even with the advantage of starting with an ample sum of money. Also, like others she met that lacked welfare support, these jobs were in terrible settings. Descriptions of these settings, including no breaks, slippery floors, abundant second-hand smoke, and more, reminds one that the factories of the Industrial Revolution have returned.
Karl Marx’s negative connotation to the word i.e. “delusion and mystification” also plays a big part. Marx applied ideology as a critical notion whose use is to expose a course of systematic perplexity. Engels referred to ideology as “false consciousness” Marx distinguished his ideas as scientific as they were constructed precisely to unmask the workings of history and society (encyclopaedia of philosophy 2005 p100). The difference between ideology and science, "false and truth’ is highlighted and therefore crucial to his usage of the term.