The American Civil Rights movement was a very treacherous and horrific time in American history. African Americans were long censored in this country and they finally took a stand to make American citizens follow what the constitution says, “All men are created equal”. For activists, such as Malcom X and Martin Luther King, Jr., this journey to bring their people justice would certainly not be an easy one. Although they both wanted the same thing, both of these activists had very different thoughts and ways to make it happen. In order to reach this desired goal that they have been awaiting, strategies were much needed.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 not only violated the Constitution and reduced individual liberty; it also failed to achieve its stated goals of promoting racial agreement and a color-blind society. Federal officials and judges cannot read minds to see if actions are driven by racism. Therefore, the only way the federal government could confirm an employer was not violating the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was to ensure that the racial arrangement of a business’s staff matched the racial composition of a official or judge’s defined body of possible employees. Thus, officials began forcing employers to hire by racial share. Instead, these shares encouraged racial
Martin Luther King, one of the most well known civil rights leaders in America, believed that some laws during his lifetime were unjust in nature and were acceptable to ignore based on ones conscience. Henry David Thoreau also believed that unjust laws were to be resisted or ignored. While Thoreau was the first American to define and use civil disobedience as a means of protest, King expanded upon it in his letter from Birmingham jail, implementing nonviolence and practical application into the traditional American protest. Henry David Thoreau believed that, “That government is best, which governs least.” Also, while Thoreau had wished for no government, he acknowledged the fact that it was logically impossible and that the government only exists because the people allow it to exist; Thoreau states, “The government does not keep the country free. It does not settle the west.
For instance, the writer claims that the book Uncle Tom’s Cabin and its common predecessor who attacks the topic of slavery in order for the abolitionists to unite together and fight for the same beliefs, isn’t fair or moral since they were disrupting the peaceful state that the U.S was in and shifting the people apart even more. On the other hand, the other passage written by the Southern literary messenger of Richmond also opposed Mrs. Stowe;s tale but he/she had a very biased opinion towards the South so he/she just argued using his/her untrustworthy opinion and very little knowledge. For example, the messenger didn’t think that the author of the story should have put emphasis on the abolition actions since they didn’t deserve the attention and it was unfair for the South since they their opinions didn’t get noticed. 1) C-1 2) The Pro-Southern Court Speaks (1857) 3) Author: Roger Taney 4) Author’s Position: Against Dred Scott and his wish to become a free African American 5) Bias: The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court has the authority to speak for what he favors and in this case, his bias leaned toward the South so he supported them by going against Dred Scott. The Court also must cancel the Missouri Compromise since it goes against the constitution so they couldn’t
He was against the Mexican War declared by American Government, as it was unjust to colonize other nations (United States itself was separated from British colonization through revolution). For this misdeed, he was imprisoned for a night. Although the crimes and the length of imprisonment of Thoreau and King were not same, both shared the same motive. Jacobus has pointed out that both Thoreau and King were willing to suffer for their views, especially with punitive laws denying civil rights to all citizens (King, 211). Socrates, a great philosopher in human history, also had followed the same path of breaking unjust laws.
He also refused to take off his hat as a sign of respect to the judges who did attend. This seemed to confirm in the minds of the judges that Charles, even when he was on trial for his life, remained arrogant and therefore a danger to others as he could not recognise his own faults. This trial is unfair in so many ways: Firstly the setting up of the court that was to try Charles 1st was written by forerunner. Secondly, the fact that people weren’t allowed into the trial just because they didn’t agree with it, in my opinion this is the most unfair part of the trial because everybody is entitled to their opinion, even back then. Thirdly, only just over half of the 46 judges agreed to the trying of Charles 1st.
Malcolm x, one of the leaders of the nation of Islam, his ideas were opposed to those of martin Luther king and as African Americans lost faith in peaceful protests it led to the rise of black power. Many people were dissatisfied with Martin Luther King’s tactics therefore in the 1960s different black power movements rose such as the Nation of Islam and the Black Panthers. The black power movement came to an end in the 1970s despite achieving not as much for the black people in the north; it did however build their confidence and self-esteem. Elijah Muhammad, the leader of the Nation of Islam, believed in a strong moral code, self-discipline. He encouraged black men to find dignity in hard work and to disapprove the illegal world of gambling, drinking, prostitution and drugs.
Malcolm was not a violent person he just did not like people to take advantage of him or his people. He said “I ‘am for violence if non-violence means we continue postponing a solution to the American black man’s problems just to avoid violence” ” (Malcolm X). Malcolm philosophy was successful, but not as successful as King. The reason that African Americans have equal opportunity today is because of King’s methods. At the end both King and Malcolm were assassinated for a cause they both fought
Martin Luther King Jr. on the other hand, sticks with his father’s Baptist. Even though both Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr. fought for civil rights, their ideas and approaches were different. Malcolm X believed in using any mean necessary to achieve rights for African Americans. He did not think that white and black should be integrate as he believes that such action lowers the pride of black and the value of their history. King had a different approach.
"He has dissolved Representtative Houses repeatedly..his invasions on the rights of the people" I believe this is why the 4th admendment came about because there were unlawful search and siezures that may have crippled many people's lives. "He has refused his assent to Laws..for the public good" I believe this is why the 1st amendment was created, because they king didn't do anything for the public good or for thier rights to practice whatever religion they wanted and to have free will to speak whatever was on thier mind without being punished for it. Also for the 9th amendment because that one states that the rights in the constitution should not be denied of construed. "He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the civil