The Protestant Reformation was a dynamic force in Europe during the 16th century. As it altered the way many people viewed both religion and the Catholic Church in particular, politics, religious beliefs, and practices began to change shape, creating two opposing lifestyles in the effected countries. Because the Catholic Church controlled much of the political scene in Western Europe, Martin Luther’s attacks were heavily aimed at the government. Individual princes were allowed to determine the religion of their territory; therefore, some considered Luther’s reforms a threat while others readily embraced them. In Document 1, Elton gives a relatively unbiased view as a historian by surmising that Protestantism only flourished where the authorities favored it and was stifled where ever they opposed it.
It involved an entire reconstruction of the Church and of the social order. It meant revolution.” The Reformers desired to reform the existing church, the “Radicals” desired to create a new church based on their theological convictions.  Some contend (incorrectly in this writer’s opinion) that the Anabaptists began with Thomas Müntzer (1490-1525). Müntzer was the spiritual revolutionary of the Peasant’s War that occurred in 1525, a leader in the social revolution of his time. He was a student of medieval realism, well studied in church history and the German mystics, and read many Reformation tracts and books.
The Reformation that occurred in the 16th century was stirred by Martin Luther who argued passionately for the need for reform of the Church. Luther believed the gospel had become captive to the institutional church, which had imprisoned the gospel in a complex system of priest and sacraments. He also believed in by Faith alone, one is able to have a real connection with God. His ideas was widely spread because of the printing press available at that time and thus resulted in a reformation which caused the split between the two Churches. This essay will argue the factors that result in the split between Catholic and Protestants Churches by focusing on two main areas: differences in beliefs mainly ideas on achieving salvation and the justification
Martin Luther, the most significant figure in the early development of Protestantism, took hold of the reformation during this period and popularised its beliefs, basing them on his interpretation of the scriptures. Although the responses from the majority of the leaders within the Catholic Church were political attacks aimed at clinging onto power and restricting the reformists’ influence, Luther’s motivation was religious and a product of a devotion to God, after being struck by lightning in 1505. Through this enlightenment, he sought to highlight the widespread abuses imposed by the Catholic Church, which were regularly authorised by the Pope. The resistance to Luther had been rife from the start; however as Luther’s support base grew and his beliefs became a threat to those in power, the counter-attacks increased in significance. Nevertheless, it could be argued that people misjudged Luther’s intentions as he never intended to reshape the power structure of the church just address the abuses.
In early America there was a group of people called The Puritans. The Puritans were an assembly of people who grew discontent in the Church of England and worked towards spiritual, ethical and societal reforms. The writings and ideas of John Calvin, a leader in the reformation, gave rise to Protestantism and were essential to the Christian revolt. They contended that the Church of England had become a product of political struggles and man-made doctrines. The Puritans were one branch of dissenters who decided that the Church of England was beyond reform.
I. The protestant reformation produces puritanism 1. Luther declared that bible alone was the source of god’s word. He ignited a fire of protestant reformation that spread its way to Europe. 2.
This put the Catholic Church at odds with them over the sale of indulgences, that allowed the Church to forgive sins and promises to limit the times the person would spend in purgatory after death. Germany was known for religious reform in the fourteenth and fifteenth century, these movements made changes to how we worship today. “Luther was concerned as early as 1516 that his parishioners were induced to be complacent about true contrition for their sin if they purchased indulgences that promised forgiveness for a price. Then in 1517 the sale of a special jubilee indulgence was promoted by Pope Leo X ostensibly to pay for the building of a new St. Peter’s basilica. Behind the scenes, half of the money raised would repay the bankers of Augsburg for the
Martin Luther is a true representative of what the Reformation was all about. The Renaissance was a time of changing thoughts and new ideas which would alter the viewpoints of many. A sense of inquiry and exploration was prominent throughout the Renaissance and Martin Luther is an outstanding example of this very important aspect of this time. Thorough inquiry and exploration of traditional Catholic ways Martin Luther wrote the "Ninety-Five Theses, which led to a Protestant reformation which would change the beliefs of people for years to come. Martin Luther is an accurate representative of the Renaissance who left his mark on the history of Western Civilization.
THE FOURTH CRUSADE The Crusades in the middle ages helped define religious and political life during this era. Life in the middle ages revolved around what was happening with the Pope and his anticipations for the next Crusade. The focuses of the crusades were ideally to unite the churches to bring back Christian leadership and control in the Holy Land, that is, Jerusalem. One of the most impacting crusades is known as the fourth Crusade when Innocent III was pope. The fourth crusade became terribly diverted from its original plans and became one of the most tragic and barbaric of all the crusades.
Luther saw countless of advanced developments sweep across Western Europe, some changes sparked by his words. Luther was a key contributor of the Reformation the protest was the start for the development of Protestant churches. The Catholic Church had governed Europeans' lives for centuries. Because of the Protestantism crusade, the Reformation brought about social, political, and economic evolution that has greatly influenced history throughout the ages. In this paper, I will discuss Martin Luther’s background for writing the Ninety-five Theses, his stance on indulgences, and some results that happened because of the Theses.