His marriage, on June 13, 1525, to Katharina von Bora, a former nun, began the tradition of clerical marriage within several Christian traditions. Martin Luther was one of the most influential and compelling figures of Church history. Some of the most fundamental tenets of the Catholic Church were called into question by Luther, and lead to the greatest religious revolt in Church history, now known as the Protestant Reformation. Who Was Martin Luther? Martin Luther was born to Hans and Margaretta Luther on November 10, 1483 in Eisleben, Germany.
The central part of the book deals with the conflict with Rome, and particularly what it was referred as to “The Diet of Worms”. The latter portion of the book explores the contributions Luther made to the building of the new Protestant traditions. The purpose of the book is to portrait an intimate view of who Luther was and his spiritual struggles leading him into the reformation period. Roland H. Bainton (1894–1984) was born in England and came to the United States in 1902. Dr. Bainton was a specialist in Reformation history and for many years he was Titus Street Professor of Ecclesiastical History at Yale University.
Chris Hooker World History Enlightenment Period in Europe The age of Enlightenment took place between the time when Louis XIV died (1715), and the coup d'etat (1799, when Napoleon came into power. It is during this time period that the French Revolution occurred, as well as several other stages of reform. Strongly influenced by the pertinent reformations, the people began to exit the times of darkness, and entered a time of growth. The ideas of growth, reason, and natural law built a strong foundation for the enlightenment. (Outram, 16-80) Incredible faith in human reason as well as the advancement of secularism was an important goal of European countries during this time period.
He was a philosopher, educator, naturalist, politician, scientist, architect, inventor, musician, farmer, and writer. As an architect, he was known for designing Washington DC, the Virginia Capitol, his Monticello estate, and the University of Virginia, which he founded. Jefferson served as Vice President under John Adams. He took the oath of office on March 4, 1801. One of Jefferson’s achievements was allowing the Alien and Sedition Acts to end with out renewal.
Socorro Valladares World History Unit 3: Lesson 25 Assignment 12/06/2011 Beliefs of John Calvin and Ignatius of Loyola John Calvin was an influential figure during the Protestant Reformation, as well as one of the fathers of the Reformed branch of Protestant Christianity. Born in 1509 to an upper-class family, he spent his adolescent years studying for the priesthood. In 1528, he studied law and philosophy in Paris and Orleans, where he later grasped Theology and Greek studies. While in Orleans, he was exposed to the works of Martin Luther. Between 1528 and 1533 he experienced “sudden conversion” and grasped Protestantism.
Lord Baltimore of England founded the colony of Maryland. He was Catholic, although he drew up a charter allowing the establishment of churches of all religion. By the third quarter of the seventeenth century, Maryland had established a strong economic and social structure; they were agrarian societies with expansive farmlands along the region's rivers. Lord Baltimore was not the only one to use the power of religion. In 1611, William Penn, a wealthy Quaker and friend of King Charles II of England, received a large tract of land west of the Delaware River.
He became one of the best-educated Americans of his time. At the age of seventeenth he entered the college of William and Mary, where he got exciting glimpses of the “the expansion of science, and of the system of things in which we are placed.” He read widely in the law, in the sciences, and in both ancient and modern history, philosophy, and literature. Jefferson Public career began in 1769, when he served as a representative in the Virginia House of Burgess; the nation’s first elected body of Government. Jefferson rose to fame as an effective spokesman during the American Revolution, and his political thought would become the centerpiece of Liberalism, or a movement to develop freedoms, in America. Jefferson’s most important contribution to the revolutionary debate was “A Summary View of the Rights of British America” in 1774.
Mirabai - One of India's most beloved Bhakti poets (1498-1547), she helped break down the barriers of caste and tradition. SIr Issac Newton - English natural scientist (1643-1727) whose formation of the laws of motion and mechanics is regarded s the culmination of the Scientific Revolution. Protestant Reformation - Massive schism within Christianity that had its formal beginning in 1517 with the German priest Martin Luther; while the leaders of the movement claimed that they sought to "reform" a Church that had fallen from biblical practice, in reality the movement was radically innovative in its challenge to Church authority and its endorsement of salvation "by faith alone." Sikhism - Religious tradition of northern India founded by Guru Nanak Ca. 1500; combines elements of Hinduism and Islam and proclaims the brotherhood of all humans and the equality of men and women.
As a result, Jefferson, Montesquieu, Locke, and other members of the founding generation were deeply influenced by this 18th-century European intellectual movement. These philosophers were exposed to some of the leading thinkers of the Enlightenment who believed rational thought and useful knowledge guaranteed an optimistic outlook of hope and promise of a better future. Not only that, but the many culminating revolutions that revolved - the Scientific Revolution, the Industrial Revolution, etc. - as well as a great environmental awareness were many factors as a result of the Enlightenment. Jefferson drew upon his education in law and Enlightenment philosophy in order to compose the Declaration of Independence, a treatise that focused on liberty and slavery.
In its essence, scholasticism held that God gave man the ability to understand the world both through Divine Revelation (aka, the almighty Bible), and through use of human reason and observation. A very important scholar was Thomas Aquinas, a Dominician priest who taught at the University of Paris. He was a key shaper of Christian theology, who argued that while God’s greatest axioms were in the Bible, Christians must additionally study nature, since nature too was the work of God. Aquinas blended philosophy and theology and his writings became fundamental texts for Catholic theology, and opened up Christianity to the methods of logic and science. Of course, to introduce and intertwine science with Christian doctrines was a very minute process; for it was key that God and the Bible remained the ultimate sources of truth and they were virtually untouchable.