Martin Luther: German Monk, An Important Figure Of The Protestant Reformation

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Chapter 16 Study Guide What Is It? Martin Luther: German Monk, priest, professor of theology and an important figure of the Protestant reformation. Medici: House of Medici. Political dynasty, banking family and later royal house. Louis XIV: Bourbon monarch who ruled as King of France and Navarre. Reign lasted 72 years and is one of the longest in French and European history. John Calvin: Influential French and theologian and pastor during Protestant Reformation. Oliver Cromwell: English Military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland. Voltaire: French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher famous for his wit and advocacy of civil liberties. Galileo: Italian physicist,…show more content…
Indulgence: Full or partial remission of temporal punishment due for sins which have already been forgiven. Catholic/Counter Reformation: Period of Catholic revival beginning with the Council of Trent and ending at the close of the Thirty Years’ War. Witch-hunts: A search for witches or evidence of witchcraft often involving moral panic or mass hysteria. Bourgeoisie: Word from French language used in the fields of political economy, political philosophy, sociology, and history. Gentry: Denotes “well-born and well-bred people” of high social class. Enlightenment:Cultural movement of intellectuals in the 17th and 18th centuries. Puritans: Significant grouping of English Protestants in the 16th century and from 1630 to 1660 including but not limited to English Calvinists. Edict of Nantes: Issued by Henry IV of France, granted the Calvinist Protestants of France substantial rights. Little Ice Age: Period of cooling that occurred after the Medieval Warm Period. Deforestation: Clearance or clearing of the forest or stand of trees. Spanish Armada: Literally meant “Great and Most Fortunate Navy” or “Invincible
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