The central part of the book deals with the conflict with Rome, and particularly what it was referred as to “The Diet of Worms”. The latter portion of the book explores the contributions Luther made to the building of the new Protestant traditions. The purpose of the book is to portrait an intimate view of who Luther was and his spiritual struggles leading him into the reformation period. Roland H. Bainton (1894–1984) was born in England and came to the United States in 1902. Dr. Bainton was a specialist in Reformation history and for many years he was Titus Street Professor of Ecclesiastical History at Yale University.
This Theses was addressed to Pope Leo X, who was building St Peter’s. Luther was angered about this and made his opinion in the Theses that if the pope could open the doors of purgatory for people who paid, why could he not open them for all people.Luther published other scriptures against the sale of indulgences, his letter to Albrecht of Mainz and the explanation of the 95 Theses. His initial writings were catalysts in the course of the reformation, it was Luther’s anger and bravery that began the Reformation. Luther continued to publish impactful works, in 1520 he released To the Christian Nobility of the German Nation, where Luther outlined the doctrine of the Priesthood of all believers and denied the authority of the Pope to interpret, or confirm interpretation of the Bible, On the Babylonian Captivity of the Church, and On the Freedom of a Christian. These publications all became influential as they were able to spread around Germany through the German printing press and were allowing people to form their own opinions of the church rather than being told by the church what to believe.
In just about twenty nine years the printing in Europe rapidly increased through the central of the small German states and the Papal states also it spreads to the Netherland and over to England. With the spread of printing information will be easily be spread throughout the world. To which the printing spread to the Renaissance culture the tools for sharpening their wits against the clergy -- not to undermine faith, but restore its ancient apostolic purity. With the spread of printing being so massive anything was about possible. A man named Martin Luther wrote the ninety five Theses about the issues of indulgences to the Church for official pardons.
This shows the importance of the Bible to Protestants compared to the Catholic woodcut in which there is no importance placed on the scripture. In the Catholic woodcut, is it very ornamental and the monk who is preaching does not have a Bible to read off of. This shows the contrast between Protestant and Catholic beliefs in doctrine. At the Diet of Worms in 1521, Luther responds to Eck saying that he will not recant his teachings unless he is “convinced by Scripture and plain reason” (Doc 5). During his speech, Luther advocates his belief in sola scriptura.
Also this quote states, “Not an organizer or politician, he moved men by the power of a profoundly religious faith resulting in unshakable trust in God…” This shows us that Martin Luther didn’t persuade people by organizing meetings or telling the people of the city lies, he showed people the wrongs of the Catholic Church, which sparked a new religion. Also, Martin Luther’s actions began the Reformation. Once Luther nailed his 95 Thesis to the castle church in Wittenberg, his words were copied and printed, and they were known all over Germany. The Reformation led to the founding of Christian churches that did not accept the pope’s authority. Luther wanted to reform the Church.
King Henry VIII undertook a multitude of religious changes and reforms during his reign from 1529 to 1547. In the early 1530’s, Henry took the momentous step of declaring himself Supreme Head of the Church and during and around this period he was producing policy suggestive of England heading in a more Protestant direction; however, following this came a time when many historians agree that the ‘conservative King’ began to re-implement key Catholic doctrines which contrasted completely with the Lutheran or Protestant ideals first recognised. Questions remain about whether the reforms made at the beginning of Henry’s reign held enough significance at the end to secure a Protestant status for England - even when policies were becoming ‘more Catholic’; or conversely whether the policies implemented which re-enforced the Catholic beliefs were significant enough to re-establish England as a practically Catholic country. Perhaps it could argued that England had never really become a Protestant country at all...overall, how Catholic was England at the end of Henry’s reign. A major event towards the beginning of Henry’s reign was the Act for the Dissolution of the Smaller Monasteries in 1534, with the dissolution and plundering of the large ones following on from this in 1539.
He was very strict and put regulations on gambling, dancing, and swearing. His ideas spread through Europe and created another branch of Christianity: Calvinism. Both John Calvin and Martin Luther were key figures in the Protestant reformation. Martin Luther and John Calvin had similar ideas but also different ones. Both Martin Luther and John Calvin
WORLD HISTORY: UNIT 3: LESSON 25 ASSIGNMENT The Beliefs of John Calvin and Ignatius of Loyola John Calvin was born in France in 1509. He studied in Paris for his priesthood. John Calvin was a very influential figure during the protestant Reformation. His belief system was later called Calvinism. Calvin wrote about his ideas on what he believed people should think about when learning about religion.
He was the creator of the 95 Theses in 1517. Martin Luther allegedly posted his 95 Theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany, on October 31, 1517. His goal was to stir debate among theologians primarily around the issue of indulgences-payments to the Roman Catholic Church in return for official pardons for one’s sins and grants of salvation in the afterlife. Because of the printing press, the 95 Theses were known throughout Germany in a fortnight and throughout Europe in a month. (Document D).
Feudalism, or a class system that regulates relationships among classes of people, was furthered by the Church and helped mold daily life. Other reasons why the Middle Ages can be labeled as the Age of Faith include the various reform movements initiated and roles the pope played. The era between 500 and 1400 in Western Europe, or the Middle Ages, can be labeled the Age of Faith because of the Church’s influence in unification throughout Western Europe, daily life, and politics. Although the Church didn’t come into its full potential for power until about the eleventh century, the Catholic Church did have a lot of influence in uniting Western Europe. Right after the Roman Empire fell, many Germanic tribes went to war with each other and carved Western Europe into small kingdoms.