Martin Luther Essay

469 WordsNov 21, 20112 Pages
Martin Luther was born 10th November 1483 in Eisleben, Germany, then part of the Holy Roman Empire. His father Hans Luther was a leaseholder of copper mines, also served on the local council. His mother was Margarethe (nee Lindemann) _"a hard working woman". Luther had several siblings, Jacob was the closest to him. Martin was sent by his father to Latin schools in Mansfeld and then Magdeburg. Luther later compared his education there to purgatory and hell. In 1501, at the age of 19, he entered the University of Erfurt. He received his Master's Degree in 1505. Luther sought assurances about life and was drawn to theology and philosophy. He was deeply influenced by his two tutors, who taught him to be suspicious of even the greatest thinks and to test everything himself by experience. For Luther, reason could be used to question men and institutions, but not God. Human beings could learn about God only through divine revelation. And scripture therefore became increasingly important to him. In 1505 in July he entered a closed Augustinian friary in Erfurt, he became a monk. In 1516 papal commissioner for indulgences was sent to Germany by Roman Catholic Church to sell indulgences to raise money to rebuild st. Peter's Basilica in Rome. Roman Catholics theology stated that faith alone, whether fiduciary or dogmatic, cannot justify man. And that only such faith as is active in charity and good works can justify man. The benefits of good works could be obtained by donating money to the church. Luther was protesting against the sale of indulgences. He insisted that, since forgiveness was God's alone to grant, those who claimed that indulgences absolved buyers from all punishments and granted them salvation were in error. Christian, he said, must not slacken in following Christ on account of such false assurances. Luther the reformer had become Luther

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