# Marriot Case Study

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MARRIOTT CORPORATION: THE COST OF CAPITAL Lodging Division Cost of Debt From Table A, * Fraction of Debt at Floating: 50% * Fraction of Debt at Fixed: 50% Using credit risk premium to calculate cost of debt, the equation is as follows: Cost of Debt = Low risk rate+Risk premium Floating Rate -- Assume the interest rate of floating rate debt changes every year so we use 1-year rate U.S. Government interest rate, which is 6.90% (from Table B). Therefore, the cost of floating rate debt equals 6.9% plus the 1.1% risk premium, which totaled to 8%. Fixed Rate -- As lodging assets have long useful lives, we use the long-term debt rate, i.e. 30-year U.S. Government interest rate, which is 8.95% (from Table B). Therefore, the cost of fixed rate debt equals 8.95% plus 1.1% risk premium, which totaled to 10.5% Cost of Debt = (0.5 x 0.08) + (0.5 x 0.105) = 0.095 = 9.25% [since floating rate and fixed rate debt both weigh 50%, we use the weighted average approach to calculate the total cost of debt rate] Based on historical data analysis below, we get an average income tax rate of 42%. | 1978 | 1979 | 1980 | 1981 | 1982 | 1983 | 1984 | 1985 | 1986 | 1987 | Income before income taxes | 83.5 | 105.6 | 103.5 | 121.3 | 133.7 | 185.1 | 236.1 | 295.7 | 360.2 | 398.9 | Income tax | 35.4 | 43.8 | 40.6 | 45.2 | 50.2 | 76.7 | 100.8 | 128.3 | 168.5 | 175.9 | Tax rate | 42% | 41% | 39% | 37% | 38% | 41% | 43% | 43% | 47% | 44% | | | | | | | | | | | | Average tax rate | 42% | | | | | | | | | | After-tax cost of debt = (1 - 0.42) x 0.0925 = 0.05365 = 5.365% Cost of Equity From Table B and Exhibit 5, * Risk free rate (1-year)= 6.9% Premium = 8.47% * Risk free rate (10-year)= 8.95% Premium = 7.43% ** ** Since A rated bond is considered upper medium grade and the company is A rated, we assume long-term