Mark Twain's Arguments Against Exercise

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Exercise; Important or Not There has been a debate concerning the importance of exercise to human beings. People have always differed in their opinions regarding this subject. Some believe that exercise resembles the food needed to sustain our bodies and so is exercise to the spirit and soul. One of those supporters is Marcus Tullius Cicero, Roman statesman and philosopher (106-43 B.C.E.), who said “It is exercise alone that supports the spirits and keeps the mind in vigor.” On the other hand, some people hold the notion that exercise is not of specific value to the spirit or the body and they believe that is useless waste of energy. Mark Twain, American writer and humorist (1835-1911), is evidently an advocate of the second opinion as he…show more content…
Twain pictures exercise as being hatful based on his conviction that exercise has no positive or significant effect on us whatsoever. He thinks that people only need to rest and sleep for their bodies to be healthy and their minds to be sharp. In order to support his argument, Twain is giving evidence as he is showing himself as an example of what he said. He is trying to convince his audience by giving them a personal example about himself; telling them that he never ever exercised in his life and that he only got enough sleep and he took rests whenever needed. He based his opinion on a personal experience, his own experience, to clarify and support his point of…show more content…
Concerning the strengths of Cicero’s argument, it provided the effect of exercise. It gave two sides of the effect, spiritually, and mentally. It was also directed for the public, not personalized, in order to prove that it is not limited to some people only. On the other hand, it had some weaknesses. Cicero used the word “alone” in order to magnify the importance of exercise. He did not clarify which type of exercise needed, physical or mental. When considering Twain’s argument, it is found to be strong because he used an example to clarify his opinion. He showed the exceptions which are rest and sleep. On the other hand, it is evident that he did not take other examples into consideration. In addition, he used negative word “loathsome” to describe exercise in order to convince people that exercise is

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