Galba was the first of the generals that were fighting for the throne to reach Rome and had himself proclaimed emperor. He was an old man of 75 when he became emperor.He was famous for the mistake that he refused top pay the soldiers the bonus that emperors usually paid them. Otho, a friend Galba had dissapointed, turned his soldiers against Galba and on January 16 69 AD Galba was killed and he only reigned for barely 7 months.The next emperor Marcus Salvius Otho, as soon as he became emperor Otho faced a revolt of his own as the praetorian guard supported him but the Legions in Germany supported a man named Vitellius. As a result ,the German legions marched on Rome to put Vitellius on the throne and to depose Otho.when he heard of this revolt, Otho sent his troops to fight Vitellius. Otho had sent his troops to late and his army suffered a horrible defeat.
After leaving Alexandria, Caesar swept his army through Asia Minor where he defeated the rebellious king Pharnaces is such plain fashion that he uttered described it in only a three words, "veni, vedi, vici" or "I came, I saw, I conquered." In October of 47 B.C., Caesar returned to Rome a great leader and war hero to complete his reign. In 44 B.C. he was named to his 5th consulship and in the same year became dictator for life. Unfortunately, this would not be as long of a reign as he anticipated.
He was a great military leader and he was assassinated by some of his own people. Julius Caeser was a Roman military and political leader. He played a critical role in the transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire. A politician of the populares tradition, he formed an unofficial triumvirate with Marcus Licinius Crassus and Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus which dominated Roman politics for several years, opposed in the Roman Senate by optimates like Marcus Porcius Cato and Marcus Calpurnius Bibulus. His conquest of Gaul extended the Roman world to the
Why Did the Roman Republic Collapse? Keven Johnson Professor L. Reams History-1 70006 10 December 2012 Why Did the Roman Republic Collapse? The Roman republic was founded following the deposition of the last king of Rome. It was said that the Romans, tired of the tyranny of a monarchy, vowed that a king would never again rule Rome. This occurred sometime around 509 BC, and led to the creation of a new form of government called a republic.1 However, as the centuries passed, the republican dream slowly began to fade.
He establishes a multiracial kingdom in which he sets to establish a unity of common Greek culture. Caesar Augustus was also known as a good military commander. Following Caesar’s death, Augustus along with Mark Antony and Lepidus, defeated Caesar’s murderers in 42 BC at Philippi. After this the Mediterranean was divided with Augustus controlling the west, Antony controlling the east, and Lepidus controlling Africa. Later Octavian defeats Lepidus and controls Africa.
But the Romans did not heed their allies. At least for a long time. When he finally did, and won a great victory against the Sequani, Caesar gave back the Aedui's independance. But the Aedui still felt hate toward the Romans and joined the Gallic coalition against Caesar. They fought a great battle against the Romans but lost with heavy causalities at the surrender of Vercingetorix at Alesia.
The Roman Empire had a very different foundation from the Persian’s monarch grounds. The Republic of Rome began in 509 BCE when the last Etruscan king was overthrown. The Republic was governed by the Senate, a form of oligarchy. The Republic lasted until 49 BCE, when Julius Caesar, a consul of the senate, betrayed Pompey, another consul, marched into Rome and proclaimed himself Emperor. After the third civil war and Caesar’s grandnephew, Augustus Caesar, names himself dictator and emperor for life, the Roman Empire went through Pax Romana, where the empire flourished during a time of
Through the rise and fall of the Roman Empire, many civilizations across the globe documented and recorded primary sources declaring the almightiness off a dominant man known as Octavian Caesar. Being the nephew of the notorious Julius Caesar, Octavian finds himself being put into political power after the historical murder of his uncle, thus being obligated to finish and win the civil war previously started by his dear Uncle Julius. After countless warfare victories throughout the remainder of this civil war, Rome would come to encounter the sole rule of one man; Octavian Caesar. Through his sole rule, Octavian became the first Emperor of Rome, ultimately gaining the renowned name, Augustus. With his new name, Augustus would proceed to write his own conceited “deeds” called none other than “Deeds of the Divine Augustus” .
This union insured all three men great standing and power within Rome, and granted them complete authority in Senate. The avarice of the trio would prove limiting, however, as their egos destroyed their standing with one another. Crassus' death in 53 BC at the hands of the Parthians effectively undermined the alliance. Shortly thereafter, Pompey aligned himself with an archconservative faction of the Senate, diametrically opposed to Caesar. This shift in alliance resulted in what is known as Caesar's civil war, obviously leading to a Caesarian victory.
“In 37 BCE, Octavian attacked Egypt. In 31 BCE, Octavian destroyed Mark Antony’s army. In 30 BCE, Mark Antony committed suicide.” (Dr. Kaz, notes. 3/26/2012) Which then ended the second triumvirate. Octavian then became the Roman Empire’s leader and brought them into a peace.