Mark Antony and Octavius Caesar

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Mark Antony was one of the most important characters in the history of the Roman Empire. Born to Creticus, Antony was one of the bravest Roman generals who worked under Triumvir and Julius Caesar during 43-30 BC. He married Queen Cleopatra of Egypt and was later defeated by Octavian (Emperor Augustus) in the last civil war that led to the final collapse of the Roman Republic. Caesar Augustus was born as Gaius Octavius on September 23, 63 B.C.E. Julius Caesar, his great-uncle, took an interest in Augustus. When Julius Caesar was murdered, Augustus discovered that he was Julius's heir to the throne. Before Augustus could gain the throne, however, he was forced to battle the armies of both Cleopatra VII and Marc Antony, who had their own plans for power following Julius Caesar's death. Augustus was victorious, and during his rule as Egypt's first Roman emperor, the country was peaceful and prosperous under his rule. Macbeth compares himself to Mark Antony and Banquo to Octavius Caesar, who defeated Antony in the civil wars. The event started when, Mark Antony remained unemployed till 44 BC, when he was appointed as the consul and priest of Julius Caesar. Soon after Caesar’s assassination, Mark Antony seized Caesar’s official papers and the treasury to use them to his own advantage. Antony entered into a 5-year pact of joint autocracy, called the Triumvirate, with Octavian and Lepidus in November, 43 BC. After the triumvirs mutually decided to divide the Roman Empire, Antony took charge of the eastern provinces, where he fell in love with and later married the charming Queen Cleopatra of Egypt. He was finally defeated and killed by Octavian in the last civil war that led to the final collapse of the Roman
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