Marine Pollution Essay

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MARINE POLLUTION MAIN HEADINGS * * Introduction. * Source of Marine Pollutant. * Types of Marine Pollution. * Major Marine Pollutants- Oil * Impact of Oil on Organisms * Impact of Oil on Fisheries & Tourism * Clean Up of Contaminated Oil * Solution for Marine Pollution. * Conclusion. INTRODUCTION An earth is the only one planet in the solar system which is having water and other essential factors needed for the persistence of live beings. 71% of the earth surface is covered by water. From this hydrosphere vast area is consisted with oceans. It is the home for marine aquatic life forms and provides resources to human beings. Millions of people are depending on the ocean for their daily livelihoods. It is observed all the oceans in the world are affected by the pollution. Marine pollution can be defined as “The introduction by man, directly, or indirectly, of substances or energy to the marine environment resulting in deleterious effects such as: hazards to human health, hindrance to marine activities, impairment of the quality of seawater for various uses and reduction of amenities.” SOURCE OF MARINE POLLUTANT Maritime pollution can be occurred due to various reasons. Generally it can be divided into major parts as land base marine pollution air based marine pollution and ships transportation marine pollution. Land based marine pollution contributes to the marine pollution in a bigger way. Industrial and agricultural wastage, plastic particles, chemicals and municipals sewerage were entering to the marine echo system due to rain water drains, rivers and windblown from the land to ocean areas. This may have dangerous impact on coral reefs, mangroves, aqua life, birds and food webs. These systems are deteriorating by man in pursuance of economic development. From Land * 80% of non-biological marine

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