Marbury v. Madison Brief Essay

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Case Brief Marbury v. Madison, 1 Cranch (5U.S.) 137, 2 L.Ed.60 (1803) Court: United States Supreme Court Judicial History: William Marbury brought his suit to the U.S Supreme Court seeking a writ of mandamus from the court. Thus directing James Madison, the Secretary of State, to accept the remaining commissions signed by former president, John Adams. Mandamus was not requested by lower courts because the U.S Supreme court had the jurisdiction to bring forth such actions, under the Judicial Act of 1789. Hence the case was never reviewed by lower courts. Fact(s): The judicial Act of 1801 was implemented by John Adams, which would allow him to appoint justices of the peace. Prior to the inauguration of President Thomas Jefferson, soon to be former President John Adams directed his Secretary of State to deliver commissions for 42 new judges. The secretary of state failed to deliver 3 commissions before the exhaustion of his presidency. The new Secretary of State, James Madison, refused the remaining 3 appointments for justices of the peace. Marbury went to the Supreme Court requesting writ of mandamus for Madison to deliver Marbury, and the remaining nominees, their commissions. Issue(s): Does Marbury have the right to his commission. Does the United States Supreme Courts have jurisdiction to issue writs of Mandamus, to public officials. Holding(s): Marbury has the right to his commission. The United States Supreme Court does not have the power for writ of mandamus to public officials under the US constitution. Reasoning(s): Marbury does have the right to commission because he was appointed by, then president, John Adams whom had the power to appoint justices of the peace, Hence the Judicial Act of 1801. The United State Supreme Court does not have jurisdiction over such a matter, and Marbury must first go to trial court. The United States

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