Maori Models of health

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1. Choose one of the following Maori models of health and explain the components and symbolism of the model – Te Whare Tapa Wha or Te Wheke or Nga pou Mana. The ‘Te Whare Tapa Wha’ model towards health is based on a wellness or holistic approach. .This model is seen as a four-sided concept representing four basic beliefs of life: Te Taha Hinengaro (thoughts and feelings), Te Taha Wairua (spiritual side), Te Taha Tinana (physical side) and Te Taha Whanau (family). This model is based on the meeting house’s four walls which are needed for strength and symmetry (Durie, M. (1998). Each wall represents one of the four components; these are the basic ingredients for good health. This is known as Te Whare Tapa Wha. Wairua/Spiritual is acknowledged to be the most essential requirement for health. .It is believed that without a spiritual awareness an individual can be considered to be lacking in wellbeing and more prone to ill health. .Wairua also explores relationships with the environment, between people, or with heritage. Hinengaro/thoughts and feelings, thoughts, feelings and behaviour are vital to health in Te Ao Maori (the Maori world). Maori may be more impressed with unspoken signals, eye movement, bland expressions, and in some cases look upon words as unnecessary, even demeaning. This health model can be described as being holistic. Tinana/Physical is the most familiar component to all of us. For Maori the body and things associated with it are Tapu (sacred/special). There is a clear separation between sacred and common. For example the head is regarded as tapu and Maori do not pat each other on the head, nor should food be anywhere near a persons head. When this happens it can be perceived as unhealthy. Hairbrushes should not be placed on tables nor should hats. Whanau/Family is the prime support system providing care, not only physically
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