To make matters worse, epidemics emerged which eradicated roughly half the population. The Huns invaded and conquered a weak and politically unstable Han Dynasty, thereby ending a regime that lasted over 400 years. Similarly in Rome, high taxes were imposed to support lavish lifestyles and a corrupt government. As the empire expanded, the population decreased from plague and poverty. In addition, the gap between the few rich and the many poor continued to widen.
These anti-movements were the start of the political party hatred, in which it became clear that China was to be turned into a one party state. These movements show that even when trying to change politically, violence was used. In the early 1950s, particular CCP severity was evident in Shanghai and Guangzhou; cities in which had been notorious for their underworld gangs and triads in the years of the Nationalist rule. The CCP turned on these in a violent bloodletting, after using their local knowledge to consolidate its hold on the city. Half of the 130,000 ‘bandits and criminals’ that were rounded up were executed.
Erick Romero 10/19/14 2A Explain the origin(s) of the Chinese Civil War, and to what extent was the Communist victory due to the use of guerrilla warfare In the early 20th century, China ran into political turmoil. With the revolution in 1911, in which the last dynasty, the Manchu dynasty was overthrown. The new Republic failed to set hold on China and warlord era would start. But China continued to be oppressed by many foreign powers because it lacked a strong central government. The Chinese Civil War was caused by two opposed political parties, the communists and the nationalists, to see who would be able to restore order and regain central power over China to bring it back to its glory.
It can be argued that the Cultural Revolution strengthened Mao’s personal power, because one of the main outcomes was the weakening of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and their power. For example, Mao was able to blame the party for the outcome of the Cultural Revolution. The horrific deaths of half a million Chinese people. This enabled Mao to then put the blame on the party members, for being too enthusiastic about the movement. This can be shown by the fact that one outcome was the re – education enforced by Mao, that was made compulsory to the Red Guards, the youth league of the CCP.
During the beginning of the 1900s, there were plenty of revolutions and violence that took place. The Chinese revolution in 1911 and Russian Revolution in 1917 shared similar goals, they wanted to end the power of their current leader and establish a new one. For Russia, it was Tsar Nicholas II and for China it was the Qing Dynasty, Russia wanting a functioning communist government and Chinese revolutionaries wanted a democratic government. The first outcome is different in that China relied on agriculture to maintain its economy and Russia relied on industry to fuel its economy. The second outcome of the revolutions was that the countries were dramatically changed, two great powers were stopped and communist leaders eventually took over in the two countries.
For centuries, China was isolated from the rest of the world. When the dynastic era ended in China, Mao Zedong stepped in to lead his country and ruled it with a communist regime for twenty-five years. During this period, all businesses and properties in China were nationalized, and Mao enforced the 100 Flowers Campaign, Great Leap Forward, and the Cultural Revolution. However, these plans backfired and led to millions of deaths and the government was in a state of exile. At the end of Mao’s rule, Deng Xiaoping took control of China, and transitioned its nationalized economy to a capitalist market.
Three thousand French troops were killed, and eight thousand wounded. Vietnamese suffered much more with eight thousand dead and twelve thousand wounded. In 1961, John F. Kennedy ordered more help for the South Vietnamese government in its war, On July 30, 1964 the war moved to two small North Vietnamese islands in the Gulf of Ton kin. During This twenty-five year period the ensuing war would create some of the strongest tensions in US history. Much of Vietnam's history has been under foreign rule by the Chinese.
The most common assumption was that if Americans had made their prior knowledge of the attack evident, the Japanese would know that their Purple Code had been broken and it would be back to square one (Harries). However, most people don't realize that President Roosevelt had been waiting for the perfect justified entrance to lead the country, still traumatized from World War I, into World War II. After World War I, a strong feeling of isolationism had developed in the United States. America had been destroyed in the first World War: the casualties had been extensive and the financial debt was tremendous. More than 300,000 American troops had been killed or wounded in the overseas battle ("the claim").
In China, the United States spent very large amounts of money supporting the nationals against communist leader Mao Zedong, an effort that failed. In 1949, the People’s Republic of China, a communist nation, was established. April of 1975 was another Southeast Asian failure, when the communists under leader Ho Chi Minh took over Vietnam and re-created a communist state. Over the course of those thirty years after WWII, The United States tried its hardest to contain communism. We joined forces with other nations in that effort, an effort that was mostly successful in Europe.
Mao won the favor of the Chinese people during the Communist Revolution against Jieshi. In 1930, Communists and Nationalists were fighting for control. After the Communists were almost wiped out, Zedong took his revolution to the countryside. After Jieshi surrounded Zedong's mountain stronghold, Zedong led his troops on an event, known as the Long March (1934-1935), where 100,000 communists walked nearly 6,000 miles while under constant fire from the Kuomintang. It became Mao's symbol of perseverance and helped him rise to power after the Japanese invasion of China.