mao China 1949-76

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Account for Mao’s Rise to Power and evaluate his impact on Chinese Society Mao Zedong 1893-1976, is considered as a traditional Chinese emperor with Marxist ideas and was the founder of People’s Republic of China in 1949. He led the communist party of China against the GMD to victory, in the Chinese civil war and is considered as one of the most influential and important figure in modern history . However there are critics of his social political programs, such as the Great Leap Forward and Cultural Revolution. These programs caused severe damages on the Chinese Culture, society, economy and their foreign relations and the death of millions of Chinese civilians. After the death of Sun Yat Sen 12th March 1925, Chiang Kai-Shek emerged as the new leader of the GMD. He wanted to unite China and carried out a purge that eliminated the communists from the organization. Chiang commanded the army which defeated the communist army and forced the survivors to make the famous Long March towards Guangxi in North West China. Mao decided to evacuate the area and establish a new stronghold in the north-west of China. On October 16th 1934 Mao, Lin Biao, Zhu De, and 80,000 communist headed towards the west through mountainous areas. The march These marchers travelled under severe conditions and marched about 8,000 miles in total and according to the Geoff Stewart’s works, only 5,000-6,000 of the original 80.000 survived. Despite the losses, this event was seen as heroic for the Chinese, and was later used by Mao for propaganda to boost communism in China. The Japanese Army invaded China in 1937. This weakened the position of Chiang and the GMD, as they were fighting two fights at the same time. The GMD suffered severe defeats and he lost control of the coastal regions and most of the major cities to Japan such as Shanghai and Beijing. The CCP were able to benefit from this
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