Many Countries Have Adopted Community Policing. to What Extent Has the Hong Kong Police Force Adopted It? How Successful Is It? Essay

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The University of Hong Kong HKU SPACE Community Programme Associate Degree Programme (2014-2015) Introduction of Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement Individual Written Report Topic: “Many countries have adopted Community policing. To what extent has the Hong Kong Police Force adopted it? How successful is it?” Lecturer: Ms Corrina Leung Student Name: Johnson Tom Ka Long Student Number: 10589312 Definition of Community Policing Community policing, as Weatheritt noted, is not a single concept. It can mean a contrast to rapid response and enforcement-oriented policing, so the police are closer to the community and can represent its norms. It can also mean a process by which crime control is shared with the public, by means of neighborhood watch or even a means of developing communication with the public and interest groups of the neighborhood. (Fielding, N. 1995 p.25) The community policing is a term representing a wide range of meaning, so there's no absolute definition for it. Different countries have its own views and techniques on operating community policing, it just depends on the situations, images of police departments and the needs of the citizens of the certain countries. Britain is one of the first countries to carry out community policing so the methods of community policing of Britain are worth to study and shall be taken as reference. Community Policing of Metropolitan Police The first one to introduce community policing is John Alderson in 1979. He was the Chief Constable of Devon and Cornwall police. He promoted objective for the police service with his model of community policing included contribution to liberty, equality and fraternity; helping reconcile freedom with security and to uphold the law; creating trust in communities; strengthening security and feelings of security; curbing public disorder and dealing with

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