Mangrove Essay

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WATER PRAXIS DOCUMENT Nr. 10 | | | | | |First steps towards integrated mangrove | | | |rehabilitation in the coastal Mekong Delta, | | | |Vietnam | | | | |By Wandert. Benthem | Euroconsult CONTENTS FOREWORD iii 1 Introduction 1 2 Depletion of natural resources 2 3 Coastal restoration plans and projects 1 4 The zoning concept 2 5 Pilot implementation 3 5.1 Mangrove rehabilitation 3 5.2 Aquaculture development 4 5.3 Community development 5 5.4 Conservation training and education 5 5.5 Planning and management 6 6 Challenges 7 REFERENCES 10 Figures Figure 1 - Mangrove destruction leading to increased coastal erosion, Mekong Delta 1 Figure 2 - Mangrove distribution in the Mekong Delta in 1943 (after Moquillon, 1950) 2 Figure 3 - Mangrove distribution in the Ngoc Hien district, southern Ca Mau peninsula (Cuong, Forest Inventory and Planning Institute, Hanoi) 2 Figure 4 - Generalized and simplified diagram of main causes and effects of non-sustainable use of natural resources in the coastal zone of the Mekong Delta (modified after Euroconsult, et al, 1996) 3 Figure 5 - Location of the proposed World Bank-funded Coastal Wetland Protection and Development Project and the main implementation areas of the ongoing Netherlands-assisted Rehabilitation of Mangrove Forests Project 4 Figure 6 - Generalized and simplified zoning concept adopted

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