The second type, melanoma, is the most dangerous type of skin cancer. There are three types of melanoma; Cutaneous melanoma (skin melanoma), is the most common type. Mucousal melanoma occurs in any part of the body. It can be caught in the nose, throat, mouth and genital areas. Ocular melanoma is cancer of the eyes.
This kind of cancer has symptoms which often look like open sores, red patches, pink growths, shiny bumps, or scars, and often commonly appear on the face or scalp. Basil Cell Carcinoma is a slow growing cancer with some common sites of metastasis; these are lymph nodes, lungs, and bones. My husband’s cancer spread from his forehead to his eye which destroyed the optic nerve so he ended up having to loose his left eye, it also ate through the first and second layer of his skull so during the first surgery a titanium plate was places in his forehead which protects his brain. Tumors that typically appear are on the sun exposed parts of the skin, and often on hair-bearing areas. BCC affects up to two million Americans each year.
Reasons for preventative measures being taken One reason is to improve health and well-being as all screening methods are designed to pick up disease in its early stages when it is still treatable. Immunisation is a preventative tool which has successfully prevented the deaths of many people. If people are encouraged to use preventative measures then many lives could be saved. The saving to the NHS would be enormous and the public may not develop life threatening conditions. Professionals, too have an increasing understand of environmental factors which can cause ill-health.
These can include, cancers, heart diseases, stroke, high blood pressure, and diabetes. By knowing the family medical history, we can take proactive measures to reduce the risk of developing the diseases 2. Does knowing your family history make you more aware of personal risk factors? Knowing about my family history defiantly makes me more aware of personal risk factors, and more conscience about my overall medical health. Knowing that there is history of heart disease or cancer in my family members will make more cautious about my life style, I will need to avoid all the factors that may cause these diseases and have regular medical check ups and tests.
Cohn’s disease Cohn’s disease is caused by genetics, the immune system, smoking or previous infection. Researchers have identified more than 200 different genes that are more common in people with Crohn's disease than in the general population. The immune system provides protection against harmful bacteria that could potentially find their way into the digestive system. In certain genetically susceptible individuals, a previous childhood infection may lead to an abnormal immune response, causing the symptoms of Crohn's disease. Aside from family history and ethnic background, smoking is the most important risk factor for Crohn's disease.
Introduction to health promotion Health is needed to be promoted in order to promote well being and to prevent diseases in the population. There are also some implications when it comes to promoting well being and to prevent diseases. When the health is promoted and prevented it improves the quality of life and also reduces cost of health services. When it comes to preventative work it can vary depending on the needs of the client/ group.The prevention is categorised in three types. They are: Primary prevention It includes the health promotion and requires action on the determinants on the health to prevent disease occurring or refocusing upstream to stop people falling into the water of disease.
9-10 How many cases are expected to occur this year? 10 Summary 10 III: DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY 11 Introductions 11-13 Subjects 13 Materials 13-14 Interview Format 14 Summary 14 IV: RESULTS OF STUDY 15-25 V: SUMMARY – CONCLUSION - RECOMMENDATION 26 Introduction 26 The research problem 26-27 Chapter summaries 27-29 Conclusion 29 Recommendation 29 References 30-31 Appendix 32-33 Chapter I Introduction There are many types of cancer. All these types can affect everyone and anyone. It has different stages and there are different causes. Some causes of cancer can be prevented while others cannot.
Many of the most common health problems today are associated with a poor or careless diet. By simple educating yourself and making healthier choices to that diet while still young you can adapt beneficial eating habits that may improve your overall quality of life. One very important example of a healthier choice would be to consider increasing your daily intake of fruits and vegetables. The effect of greater amounts of both fruits and vegetables you can reduce some very serious health risks .Examples of these risks begin with several forms of cancer including the one heard about most commonly today “Breast Cancer”. A diet rich with fruit and vegetables also offers protection against things like colon and rectal cancer.
Promotion of health requires a healthy lifestyle. In the developed countries nowadays many major health problems e.g. coronary heart diseases, obesity, lung cancer, drug addiction, alcohol abuse, automobile accidents, suicides, and homicides etc. are linked with lifestyle changes. In developing countries like ours, risks of illness and death still have a connection with the traditional lifestyles characterized by poor sanitation condition, poor nutrition, personal hygiene, elementary human habits, customs and cultural patterns etc.
We need to find a happy medium between calorie control and good nutritional recommendations. By maintaining a healthy weight, one also reduces the risk of developing type II diabetes caused by obesity. Of the people diagnosed with type II diabetes, 80 to 90 percent are also diagnosed as obese. This fact provides an interesting clue to the link between diabetes and obesity. Understanding what causes the disease will hopefully allow us to prevent diabetes in the future.