Management and Organisational Psychology Ass 2 Essay

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Management and Organisational Psychology IOP 4862 Table of Content Introduction 3 Definition Of motivation 3 Content Theories 4 Maslow’s Hierarchy 4 Herzberg’s Hygiene theory 4 Alderfer’s ERG theory 5 Conclusion of content theories 5 Process theories 6 Porter and Lawler performance-satisfaction theory 6 Impact of Porter Lawler theory on organisations 7 Contemporary theories 8 Adam’s equity and justice theory 8 Impact of Adam’s equity and justice theory on organisations 9 Kelly and Rotter’s attribution / locus of control theory 9 Motivation through job design 10 Hackman and Oldham job characteristic model of work motivation 11 Redesigning jobs according to Hackman and Oldman’s model 11 Motivation through goal setting 12 Conclusion 13 References 15 Self Assessment 16 Introduction Employees are a company’s most valuable asset, and a happy worker is a good worker. Motivation plays an integral part when it comes to the performance of employees. In this paper I will discuss the concept of motivation and the content, process, and contemporary theories of workplace motivation. I will also discuss motivation through job design and goal setting. After each theory I will discuss the case study and link the motivation problems that the company experience and give possible solutions. Definition of motivation Luthans (2011) explain that there are many different theories of motivation, but all comes down to the same principle and concepts which involves; desires, wants, wishes , aims, goals, needs drives, motives and incentives. According to Luthans (2011) motivation is a process that starts with a physiological or psychological deficiency or need that activates a behaviour or drive that is aimed at

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