In analyzing as well as comparing the humanistic and biological approaches to personality one can result to difference in opinions. Abraham Maslow did study the development of personalities based on the human needs. His needs hierarchy portrays the influence of human needs to formations of peoples’ unique and individual personalities. There are some biological factors which does influence formation of one’s personality which usually plays a major role. Through reviewing the relationships that are there between Maslow’s theory and biological factors we will be in a position to see some focused similarities as well as its upcoming.
There are many different constructions and theories on personality which all have their own strengths and weaknesses and all of which try to offer an explanation to the differences in people’s behaviour. This essay will look at Hans Eysenck’s Trait Theory (1965) which is interested in measuring people’s personality through traits. According to this perspective, traits are stable over time and differ between individuals. We will also look at George Kelly’s Personal Construct Theory (1955.) He believed that people develop constructs as internal ideas of reality to help them understand the world around them and that the way the world is viewed is based on individual experiences, interpretations and observations.
There are three underlying principles that define the CLA: Human beings are information processors and that mental representations guide behaviour, mental processes can and should be studied scientifically by developing theories and by using a variety of research methods, Social and cultural factors affect cognitive processes. Purpose of the principles is that the principles are the main ideas that have driven focused research on specific areas of behaviour and cognition. They also allow us to understand how behaviour can be influenced by cognitive processes and cognition refers to a process that is based on one's mental representations of the world, such as images, words and concepts. People likewise have different experiences and therefore each individual will have different mental representations of the world. Cognitive psychologists believe that mental processes and stored representations of the world determine behaviour and are central to human experience.
Each theory correlates to a specific method of assessment. One theory is the psychodynamic theory. With this theory, the roots of your personality are your unconscious thoughts, feelings, repressed problems from early childhood, and motives. The methods to assess the psychodynamic theory you would use projective tests as well as personal interviews. The next theory is the humanistic theory which is a drive towards personal growth.
Part 2 Individual Processes and Behavior Chapter 3 Personality, Perception, and Attribution INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES AND ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR * Individual differences – is the way in which factors such as skills, abilities, personalities, perceptions, attitudes, values, and ethics differ from one individual to another. More the managers understand individual differences, the better they can work with others. * Interactional psychology – is the psychological approach that emphasizes that in order to understand human behavior, we must know something about the person and about the situation. There are four basic propositions of interactional psychology: 1. Behavioral is a function of a continuous, multidirectional interaction between the person and the situation.
According to Miles “Positive relationship communication focuses on supervisors seeking suggestions from subordinates, being interested in them as people, relating with them in a casual manner, and allowing them to contribute input on important decisions.” (Miles, Patrick & King, 1996, p. ) In order to apply this philosophy in real life, I determined how employees in my organization perceive supervisor communication. In addition, I examined employee performance, trust and morale during times when there is a negative perception of communication with supervisors. Negative employee perceptions of supervisor communication are important in determining employee trust and morale as well. The decisions made in this study use the process model to explore how employee’s
Corporeal, ethical, socio-emotional verbal and reasoning each of these issues makes up the creation of the individual character. Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality Classifying personality can proposal several senses, this can clarify, and describes a person’s character. First imitations can recognize a person by his or her character telling the person as delightful, conceited, controlling, or regulatory. People have numerous flanks of what makes him or her sole, what that incomes are other issues make up a person’s character. Another way of watching an individual character is by social designs a person may show, from child growth.
Personality is influenced by genetic factors through temperament. For example, genetics influence individual differences based on how individuals respond and react to their environment. The contribution of genetics to psychological differences has been studied in research focused on behavioral genetics (e.g., Plomin, 2000). The second biological influence is the brain structure and neurotransmitters. As Pinel (2003) explains, gene expression determines how cells may develop and how it can function at personal maturity.
Written Assignment 1. Explain how variables such as social inter actions, cognitive processes, environmental variables, cultural context, and biological factors shape what social psychology is all about and how it is practiced. Social Psychology is based on many components such as social interactions, cognitive processes, environmental variables, cultural context, and biological factors. Social psychology explains the nature of one’s behavior and is the key element that influence the way an individual think, feel and behave. Social interactions is the process in which individuals act towards or respond to other in any given situation.
In this paper we will examine how each theory views personality development, characteristics, and traits. We will look at how each theorist views interpersonal relationships as well as how these theories can and are used in clinical or workplace settings today. Personality Analysis: Allport and Maslow There are many theories associate with the development of personality such as Humanistic, Existential and Individual theories. Each theory attempts to address the components of what makes an individual’s personality the way it is and attempts to use this theory to understand or better predict behavior. In this paper we will examine the ideas of personality development through the views of Abraham Maslow and Gordon Allport.