Malcolm concentrated on the black urban population of the north and rejected Martin Luther King Jr.Message of non-violence in favor of militant Black Nationalism. He was largely credited with increasing membership of the Nation of Islam from 500 in 1952 to 30,000 in 1963. He married Betty X (later Betty Shaba) in 1958. In addition to the media, Malcolm had attracted the attention of the FBI. Agents infiltrated the organization and used bugs, wiretaps and other surveillance equipment to monitor the group’s
Dr Martin Luther King Jr. reached peace and civil disobedience like Mahatma Gandhi whereas Malcolm X called for action (however not to an extent like the Black Panthers where violence would takeover.) Death On February 21, 1965, Malcolm X was beginning to speak to an Afro-American Unity Meeting when one man shot him in the chest with a shortened shotgun and another two came and shot him sixteen times with a pistol. Malcolm X died at 3:30 P.M. shortly after arriving at the hospital. Eyewitnesses identified the killers as Thomas Hagan, Norman 3X Butler, and Thomas 15X Johnson, all members of the Nation of Islam. They were charged and sentenced to prison.
MLK was raised and nurtured in a well-wealthy class family with a chance to make it as a black man and go to college and be somebody, On the other hand, Malcolm X was brought up in the 'ghetto', and had to learn to defend himself against racist white children. He was misleading caused from his fathers death who was found dead, murdered by a white mob. His mother became mentally ill so he was sent to a foster home in the early ages. There is also a key difference in what each of them was, which is that MLK was a activist during the Civil Rights Movement and Malcolm X was an Islamic Civil Rights Activist, who became popular in the mid to late 1960's as a member of Nation of Islam. He and the Nation advocated self-defense and the total economic and political independence of Black America.
They died at an early age of 39 years old. On February 21, 1965, Malcolm X was shot to death by Nation of Islam members while speaking at a rally of his organization in New York City. Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated at the Lorraine Motel by in Memphis, Tennessee on April 4, 1968. After their death they still leave a great impact on America history. These two great leaders opened up the door for the civil right movement for African Americans.
He converted to the traditional Islam and changed his name to El-Hajj Mailk El-Shabazz. Malcolm X returned to the United States less angry and more optimistic about a peaceful resolution regarding America’s race issues. On February 21, 1965, Malcolm X was scheduled to deliver a speech at the Audubon Ballroom in Manhattan when three men rushed in and shot him fifteen times at point blank range. The three men convicted of the assassination of Malcolm X were all members of the Nation of Islam. (Malcolm X | Presented by Hallzzz... (n.d.).
MALCOLM X If there was one man who articulated the anger, the struggle and the beliefs of African Americans in 1960s that man was Malcolm X. When Malcolm X was six his father died, it was rumoured after his mother was placed in a mental hospital when he was 13, he lived in many foster homes. In 1946, at the age of 20, he went to prison for theft and breaking and entering. He also took drugs revolving to his emotions that occurred to him. Whilst in prison Malcolm X became a member of the Muslim society and after his bail in 1952 he quickly rose to become one of the public leader’s, face of the debatable group keeping with the countries teachings.
Many of the beliefs were that "Whites were created by an ancient evil scientist called Yakub. Only black people are considered human." The Nation of Islam also taught that Non-blacks were demons. Malcolm X followed all these beliefs and believed Islam really taught all of that he preached and gave many speeches about his own beliefs until Malcolm X made a promise to Mecca that was when his beliefs were changed. In Mecca Malcolm saw the unthinkable, something he thought was impossible.
After his parole Malcolm visited Elijah Muhammad in Chicago and a few months after this became assistant minister of the nations temple number one in Detroit. After that he establish a temple in Boston, temple number eleven, in March of 1954 he expanded temple number twelve in Philadelphia, and two months later he was selected to lead temple number seven in Harlem. Malcolm X first came to general public attention after the police beating of Johnson Hinton a Nation of Islam member that suffered brain contusions and subdural hemorrhaging. Malcolm went to the police station Hinton was being held at, demanding for him to receive hospital treatment for Hinton, followed by a crowd of around 4,000 people. After that incident Malcolm was feared by the NYPD because of the power he had over such a crowd.
The time when white people can come in our community and get us to vote for them so that they can be our political leaders and tell us what to do and what not to do is long gone. By the same token, the time when that same white man, knowing that your eyes are too far open, can send another negro into the commu- nity and get you and me to support him so he can use him to lead us astray - those days are long gone too. The political philosophy of Black Nationalism only means that if you and I are going to live in a Black community - and that’s where we’re going to live, cause as soon as you move into one of their - soon as you move out of the Black community into their community, it’s mixed for a period of time, but they’re gone and you’re right there all by yourself again. We must understand the politics of our community and we must know what politics is supposed to produce. We must know what part politics play in our lives.
Elijah Muhammad - Was an African American religious leader, who led the Nation of Islam from 1934 until his death in 1975. He was a mentor to Malcolm X, Louis Farrakhan, Muhammad Ali; and his son Warith Deen Mohammed. 12. Malcolm X - An African-American Muslim minister and human rights activist. To his admirers, he was a courageous advocate for the rights of blacks, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans.