Malaria Essay

1513 WordsAug 28, 20157 Pages
Malaria Global Outbreak Stephanie Landes #365028 VWT Task 2 WGU Malaria Global Outbreak Description of Disease Malaria is one of the most common fatal tropical diseases with half of the world’s population prone to its infection. In as much as the disease is preventable and treatable, it has affected lives in poor nations, with young children being the most affected (UNICEF, 2013). The situation has been attributed to their under developed immune system which cannot offer efficient protection against the disease. The World Health Organization approximates 219 million reported cases annually with an annual 660, 000 reported deaths (UNICEF, 2013). The worst affected nations are found in Sub-Saharan Africa with Nigeria and Democratic Republic of Congo accounting for 40% of the global annual malaria fatalities. Other parts of the world immensely affected by the disease include some parts of Asia and Latin America. Where malaria is found depends mainly on climatic factors such as temperature, humidity, and rainfall. Malaria is transmitted in tropical and subtropical areas. Temperature is particularly critical. For example, at temperatures below 20°C (68°F), Plasmodium falciparum (which causes severe malaria) cannot complete its growth cycle in the Anopheles mosquito, and thus cannot be transmitted(CDC ,2010). A little reported malaria epidemic has been quietly claiming children’s lives in the South Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Although the disease is endemic to the country, this most recent outbreak has been particularly severe in both scale and severity. An independent medical team supported hospital in Baraka has struggled to cope with the endless stream of patients, often children under five years old who are referred in need of urgent intensive care. Throughout 2014, an independent medical team in

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