Malaria Essay

1433 WordsAug 24, 20156 Pages
There are many communicable diseases that can affect our community. Malaria is one that is increasing in the number of outbreaks reported each year. This analysis of malaria will help identify the disease, discuss the epidemiological determinants of the outbreak and the effect to the community at a system level, as well as identify the reporting protocol, protocol execution plan and prevention strategies. Malaria is one of the most common infectious diseases worldwide, particularly in Africa and South Asia. There are four types of Malaria. The most severe type is a microscopic parasite called Plasmodium falciparum. Malaria-like symptoms were first described in ancient Chinese medical writing, then in 2700 BC, malaria was described in the Nei Ching, The Canon of Medicine. Malaria became widely spread in Greece by the 4th century BC. Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, a French army surgeon was the first to notice parasites in the blood when stationed in Algeria in 1880 and was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1907 for his findings (CDC). The United States eliminated malaria in the early 1950’s, but up to 2,000 cases of malaria are reported annually, mainly due to foreign travelers. A recently notable outbreak was near the Thailand-Cambodia border in the summer of 2014. The outbreak was first recorded in the border of Thailand and Myanmar is an ACT (artemisinin combination therapy) resistant string of Malaria, a Plasmodium Falciparum, which is the most dangerous string. Since 2000, Cambodia has recorded approximately 6 million cases and currently, there are about a half million infections and approximately 5-10 thousand deaths each year in Southeast Asia (WHO). Recent research has uncovered this problem with ACT-resistant Malaria spreading throughout Southeast Asia and this outbreak was especially significant because this particular strain was drug-resistant. Artemisinin,

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