Making of the Modern World Essay

742 Words3 Pages
Throughout the history of the world, there has existed a struggle for dominance and power between four main social “castes” which has always led to problems demographically, culturally, politically, geographically and economically. In his book called, Merchant Soldier Sage: A New History of Power, David Priestland claims this ideology to be his thesis. Priestland explains that by looking at studying past events and issues we can learn to solve current day social problems such as the financial crisis. The four castes include the soldier, merchant, sage and worker. The sage, soldier, and merchant castes have especially struggled for predominance over the working and/or peasant social classes. Priestland’s thesis also states the idea that certain alliances throughout the social caste conflict had brought out positive results and has shaped the world and history as we know it today. The geography and location of civilizations greatly effected how societies evolved and functioned. A society that existed in a very agricultural area produced an abundance of crops for self-sufficiency as well as trade and income. This produced a very large working class composed of farmers and agriculture related occupations. The importance of farming created an alliance between merchants and farmers (workers) because of the financial benefits each caste received. In countries such as the Netherlands and England, merchants became so powerful that they soon formed alliances with the national armies because of the money needed to fund them and the trade of weapons. The working class disliked this alliance because they felt it was unfair and that they were being cheated of hard earned money. “ Until trade became necessary to provide weapons of war, it was always thought prejudicial to the growth of the empire”(Priestland p.57). When civilizations found themselves in poor economic times,
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