Making Computers Talk Summary

2175 WordsOct 16, 20099 Pages
How writing must be pronounced Speech is done by animals. Cats, dogs, and many kinds of animals have their own kind of speech format. Growling, meowing, and other forms of animal speech are currently present today. As you well know that dogs can't meow, and cats can't squawk, each animal has their own form of speech format. It is the same with humans. Human speech is done only by humans. Sure, parrots can imitate human speech sounds and sometimes sentence, but parrots can't think for themselves and speak human speech sounds, they would have to echo the human speech sounds that they hear. So, we can see that human speech is unique to human beings. However, computers are recently advancing. They've become so advanced that although they are a creation of human beings, they are at the stage of repeating human sounds. They've been able to synthesize speech for many years. You can find them in electronic dictionary and TTS programs(Text to Speech) programs. The programs are updated to the level that they are able to produce the sounds but their version isn't high enough to make the sounds enjoyable to the human ear. Formant frequencies and amplitudes are not the only matter that must be discussed to bring computer speech pleasable to our listening. One step that must be considered would be the abbreviations and symbols. Sure, computers can read the abbreviations letter by letter. Some abbreviations are pronounced this way, letter-by-letter pronunciation of the actual sound, like the word USA or EU. However, an example like UNESCO isn't read as U-N-E-S-C-O, but it sounds more like U-NES-CO(as in 3 syllables). Abbreviation is a type of lexicon that keeps on updating even as we speak, so the computers would have a real hard time pronouncing these types of abbreviations correctly. Also, another point that must be considered for the perfect pronunciation of computer sounds
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