A. Students will analyze historical documents to determine principles that served as precedents for the United States Constitution. • define individual and group values o What is a value? Ideas which groups/individual believe strongly and guide their behavior. o List and define the values and principles of democracy Limited government-the govt is limited in their power Change or abolish government-if the govt is not doing their job we can change it Individual right and freedom-everyone has their rights and freedom Consent of government-the power comes from the people Majority/Minority Rule-majority makes decision Equality-everyone is equal o Why are the values
If they all were to think alike on all matters then it would be hard to see if they were really keeping with the constitution and really protecting the rights of the people. “Moderate judicial philosophy often provide a swing vote, the deciding vote in a case that throws support behind one side of the philosophical spectrum”
Because the United States constitution and Ohio constitution work together in defending federalism, there are many similarities between the two texts. Both documents posses a Bill of Rights, which appeal towards the civic freedoms of the people. Though very similar in theory, the structure of the both constitutions also shows distinct differences in comparison to one another. In matters of common defense, both the federal and state governments promote the safety and protection of its citizens and the organization of armies to defend its people. As a unique document, the Ohio State Constitution carries both strong points and weak points, which, if were subject to reform, would improve the circumstances of the welfare of its state citizens.
While the US Constitution has many conservative ideas it also has several revolutionary notions that were the center of the Articles of Confederation. The House of Representatives was established to allow the common man's voice to be heard; now all citizens could give their consent in government. There were also guarantees that certain rights would never be taken away from the citizens. The Bill of Rights was written to assure the citizens that there were things that the government couldn't do and that the citizen was always protected. There were other provisions in the constitution to defend against abusing power, the system of checks and balances and having three branches in the government.
Federalist No. 51 OVERVIEW The framework of the American government today--a representative government with a strong federal government--was laid out in a series of essays or treatises collectively called the Federalist Papers. The author of Federalist Paper 51 is not known. The author argues that the Constitution's federal system and separation of powers will protect the rights of the people. GUIDED READING As you read, consider the following questions: • Why is the author so concerned with the distribution of power between the parts of government?
“Civil rights and liberties are intended to protect both active and passive players in American politics as well as minorities from tyranny of the majority.” (Frantzich) Freedoms provided to American citizens in the constitution and bill of rights is called civil liberties. The right that all Americans be treated equally regardless of race, gender, age, or disability is called the civil rights. Civil rights have changed over time, America, for example used to allow segregation of blacks. In this day segregation is illegal is considered unconstitutional and certain organizations have been founded to ensure the rights to all. Civil liberties are similar to civil rights, for example under the bill of rights the freedoms are established, such
In a representative democracy it is important to “guard the society against the oppression of its rulers, but to guard one part of the society against the unjustice of the other part.” (Madison) The republic protects the rights of the people and varying minority factions. Madison recognizes that under the Constitution, society is divided into many groups of people that hold different views and different interests. The more minority groups, the harder it is for one large group to dominate or threaten the minority. Madison also speaks out against a confederal system of government. He, and the framers of the constitution, believed that in a confederal system that the states may have more power.
In order to have a healthy legal system that would actually work, and to have the citizens know what the rules they are under controlled, it is important for us to first know about and consider some discussions about how the system itself is. I would like to talk about the three basic main roles in this essay which is going to be the subject, the legislator, and the judge. First is about the subject of law. Murphy defined subject as “a social role, constituted by social rules, and for there to be social rules involves how members in some society use those rules as standards for criticism and action-guidance.” He also mentioned that being a subject under some kind of a legal system is not a choice. However, what about in case of
In order to adequately manage these situations, the United States government has passed many laws permitting certain groups the ability to bring attention to as well as stop the threat. This is particularly important in terms of its effects on individuals. It defends the freedoms of individuals, preserves order and stability, and attempts to endorse equality. One example of the ability of the United
The counter to elitism are the theories of egalitarianism and populism, which are doctrines in which they support the rights and powers of the common people in their ongoing struggle with the political elitism, they believe that all people are equal. Also, a strong belief that the common people can work together and have an equal opportunity to participate in democracy. (Abramowitz, 2003 pps.3-5) Each doctrine can be attached to a specific political party, to help understand who the elites are. Egalitarianism and Populism are best associated with Democrats. Whereas self reliance is associated with Republicans.