Major Religions Essay

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Comparing Major Religions -1 Religion (Date of origin) | Dominant Values | Explanation for Evil | Salvation | Afterlife | Buddhism(Sixth Century, B.C.) | Right knowledge, aspiration, speech, behavior, livelihood, effort, mindfulness, contemplation, control of one's mind, kindness | Insatiable desires are the cause of evil and suffering | Nonattachment to the world; Follow the eight-fold path; Self-effort; Salvation is through reincarnation and working with the laws of karma; Mahayana Buddhism has deities which function as saviors. | Nirvana is the highest destiny of the human spirit--a state of indescribable bliss. In Mahayana Buddhism there are afterlife states referred to as heavens and hells. | Christianity(First Century, A.D.) | Love of God and man; Ten commandments; Service, truth, beauty, goodness, justice, humility, learning. | Satan; Fall of man; Imperfection of creation; egocentricity; alienation from God. | Evangelicals: Salvation comes from faith in blood atonement of Jesus; Mainline: Faith in Jesus as mediator-Savior. | Judgment: heaven and hell; Modern: Growth and service in heaven; fading of belief in an eternal hell. | Confucianism(Fifth Century, B.C.) | Balance authority and obedience with goodness and love; Respect, courtesy and peace. | Man basically good; Lack of filial piety is the root of evil in society. | Following social propriety and offering sacrifices. In later stages some groups offered sacrifices to Confucius. | Not other-worldly; Accept vague ideas of heaven and hell; Humanistic values relative to the present life. | Hinduism(Second millennium, B.C.) | Diverse and tolerant; Hereditary caste system, truthfulness, honesty, nonirritability, self-control. | Pleasure, wealth and worldly success are illusions, the pursuit of which result in evil. | Path of renunciation; Commitment to Atman-Brahman; Growth toward perfection by

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