Major Perspective in Sociology

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09/13/12 The three major perspectives in sociology In modern times, there is a growing realization of the importance of the scientific study of social phenomena and the means of promoting human welfare. There are many sociological factors that influence and interact the way people think around the world. As we have discussed in class, a perspective is simply a way of looking at the world that can be a framework of new paradigms. Each sociological theory in sociology provides us with different view of our social world and helps us to predict and explain the social phenomena in society which we live. Chapter 1 mainly discusses the three primary perspectives of sociology; functionalist, conflict, and symbolic interactionism. These perspectives offer uniquely conceptualized theoretical paradigms for explaining how society influences people, and vice versa. The symbolic interactionism & Theory The central idea of symbolic interactionism is that symbols are the key to understanding how we interpret the world and interact with each other. George H. Mead (1863-1931) developed the milestone of the symbolic interactionism. According to him, people attach meanings to symbols, and then they act according to their subjective interpretation of these symbols. For example, conversation is an interaction of symbols between individuals who constantly share the world around them. Anything can serve as a symbol as long as it refers to something beyond that requires intention and interpretation. However, symbolic interactionism may neglects the macro level of social interpretation by focusing on small picture rather than big concepts. The functionalist perspective & Theory According to my lecture note, main idea of functionalism is that each aspect of society is interdependent and contributes to society's functioning as an organism. For example, as the government

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