Maintain an Effective Work Environment

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Maintain an Effective Work Environment For this assessment I will be basing my thoughts on the placement I attended at Maroondah Hospital in July and August 2012. During this time I was on the General Medical, Gastroenterology and stroke ward. Bruce Tuckman developed a four stage model of group development in 1965. The four stages being Forming, Storming, Norming and Performing, he then added a fifth stage in the 1970’s called Adjourning. (1) A group or team can be defined as “A group of people with specific roles and complementary talents and skills, who are committed to a common purpose and who collaborate to produce superior results”. (2) Forming – Stage 1 Typically a team would show the following signs when in the forming stage- • High dependence on the leader for guidance and direction. • Individual roles and responsibilities are unclear. • The leader must be prepared to answer lots of questions about the teams’ purpose, objectives and external relationships. Stage 2 – Storming Typically a team would show the following during the storming stage – • Decisions don’t come easily within the group. • Team members vie for position as they attempt to establish themselves in relation to other members and the leader. • Compromises may be required to enable progress. Stage 3 – Norming Some signs during the norming stage could be – • Agreement and consensus is starting to form among the team. • Team members respond well to the leader. • Roles and responsibilities are clear and accepted by the group. Stage 4 – Performing Generally the team would show the following – • The team is more strategically aware. • The team clearly knows what it is doing and why. • Team members look after one and other. Stage 5 – Adjourning Bruce Tuckman refined his theory around 1975 and added the fifth stage to the model called Adjourning. This is often referred to as

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