Magna Carta Essay

334 WordsNov 10, 20102 Pages
The Magna Carta is a document that King John of England (1166 - 1216) was forced into signing. King John was forced into signing the charter because it greatly reduced the power he held as the King of England and allowed for the formation of a powerful parliament. The Magna Carta became the basis for English citizen's rights. The purpose of the Magna Carta was to curb the King and make him govern by the old English laws that had prevailed before the Normans came. The Magna Carta was a collection of 37 English laws - some copied, some recollected, some old and some new. The Magna Carta demonstrated that the power of the king could be limited by a written grant. The content of the Magna Carta was drafted by Archbishop Stephen Langton and the most powerful Barons of England. King John signed the document which was originally called the 'Articles of the Barons' on June 10, 1215. The barons renewed the Oath of Fealty to King John on June 15, 1215. The royal chancery produced a formal royal grant, based on the agreements reached at Runnymede, which became known as Magna Carta. Copies of the Magna Carta were distributed to bishops, sheriffs and other important people throughout England The Magna Carta is also referred to as the Magna Charter or the Great Charter, and it was signed in a meadow at Runnymede, in South England. The Charter is considered to be the beginning of constitutional government in England. The Magna Carta demonstrated that the power of the king could be limited. Some important facts about the Magna Carta are that The Church was to be free from royal interference, especially in the elections of Bishops. No taxes except the regular feudal dues were to be levied, except by the consent of the Great Council, or Parliament. The right to due process which led to Trial by Jury. All weights and measures to be kept uniform throughout the realm by a

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