Jefferson and Hamilton also fought while making the national bank in 1791. Thomas Jefferson believed that a literal interpretation of the Constitution should be followed, and therefore, a federal bank was unconstitutional, while Hamilton used the ‘elastic’ clause (then called the “necessary and proper” clause) to argue it is alright to start. Because of this argument, people were surprised that when Jefferson took office, he followed Hamilton’s loose interpretation of the Constitution and hardly changed any plans, only the 8% whiskey excise tax was removed. Thomas Jefferson then also followed an ‘elastic’ interpretation of the Constitution when purchasing Louisiana from France (Doc. C).
Jefferson did not think that the Constitution gave Congress the power to establish a national bank and he believed in following the Constitutional explicitly (Littell 149). The conflicts did not cease after the Constitution was written. For example, outside the Three-Fifths Compromise, the issue of slavery was not once mentioned in the problems within our country massive Constitution. This created massive problems within our country over the next few decades. The Alien and Sedition Acts were also debated after the Constitution had been ratified.
Terrell Richardson AP US History November 26, 2012 Ms. Lister Period 4 The Presidency of Thomas Jefferson The election of Thomas Jefferson was seen as a revolution for Democratic-Republicans because the Federalists were losing power in government. Even though Jefferson was a Republican, he was believed to compromise with the Federalist beliefs for the good of the nation. Professor Morton Borden argues that Jefferson was a pragmatic politician who placed the nation’s best interests above his own. Professor Forrest McDonald believes that Jefferson was trying to replace Hamilton’s Federalist Principles with Republican’s. Jefferson supported ideas that were beneficial to the nation even if he had to compromise with the Federalists which caused him to be seen as a political compromiser.
Jefferson didn’t believe in paying debts that came from foreign policies, and Hamilton believed that to be dangerous. In 1796, George Washington gave his “Farewell Address”. He tells the people before him that he will not be running for a third term, but he also provides a warning about political parties. He believes that these parties are “Evil” because of their effects. It causes small problems that aren’t needed, and they build up into riots and rebellion.
The Federalist Party favored a strong central government and the wealthy class, while the Democratic - Republican Party believed this was the same ideas behind the corrupt British government. The supporters the Federalists accumulated only added to the republican’s suspicions of corruption. The two parties had different views on how to deal with conflicts; Federalists were in favor of keeping good relations with the British Empire, while Republicans were in support of keeping their promises to France. Federalists also supported a commercial society, while republicans support an agricultural one. The most influential leader of the federalist party could be argued as Alexander Hamilton, who had a brilliant mind when it came to U.S. economy.
Therefore by Madison not speaking out against the bill and Hamilton agreeing to move to the capital they contradicted their own beliefs. Hamilton and Madison discharged what they supported, which has created instability in our system. The main power struggle between republican and federalist principles was state vs. national government. In the Sedition Acts, Jefferson and Madison believed that the national government was overstepping its boundary by limiting the free press. Even though, in the first amendment protects the right of free speech.
Jefferson and the Jeffersonian Republicans believed that the authority of the federal government was based on a strict constitution. The Federalists believed in the opposite. Federalists believed that the constitution should be interpreted in a loose and broader way. The Federalists were able to make decisions that were not written word for word in the constitution. Jefferson states his disagreements with James Madison when he says, “Our country is too large to have all its affairs directed by a single government.” (Document A).
Jefferson demonstrates his federal power when he moved to have the Embargo Act passed. Jefferson took the position of a strict interpretation of the Constitution when passing The Embargo Act. This meant that by the federal government could not take action that was not specifically outline by the Constitution. Because there was no place
Daniel Webster Born on January 18, 1782 in Salisbury, New Hampshire. He studied law and was admitted to the New Hampshire bar in 1805. He opposed the War of 1812, but did not lend his support to the Hartford Convention(1814). At the Massachusetts Constitutional Convention in 1820, Daniel Webster was against allowing all free men (slaves and women being ignored until much later) to vote for the upper house. In a speech at Plymouth Rock, he concluded: “In the nature of things, those who have not property, and see their neighbors possess much more than they think them need, cannot be favorable to laws made for the protection of property.
The new infant Republic, the United States, attempted to avoid war at all cost but a European power, Britain, gave reasons for the United States to change the Americans’ mind. In 1812, the United States fought a war against Britain. During this period, James Madison was the president of the United States. He enforced any possible policies to prevent the war because their debt was being risked. Others factors led to the war as well such as American seaman were being forced to serve in the British navy with the sole purpose of disputing the French trade with the Americans because Britain and France were engaged in a war.