Mary Church Terrell’s “What it Means to Be Colored in the United States” speech was delivered on October 10, 1906 at the United Women’s Club in Washington D.C. In this speech Terrell is speaking out about the injustices happening in America’s capitol against African Americans. She gives many personal experiences, and examples of how African Americans are still being treated like second class citizens in “The Colored Man’s Paradise” also known as Washington D.C. which speaks to how Terrell was born in Memphis, Tennessee in 1863, and was the daughter of former slaves. Her parents sent her to a type of boarding school when she was young for elementary and secondary school. Mary then attended Oberlin College in Ohio, and was one of few African American women attending.
Parks “was then elected the first secretary of the state conference” (Theoharis 27). This later allowed her to travel up to a two week workshop at the Highlander Folk School and help her refresh and see how the rest of the world treats African Americans. From returning from the workshop Mrs. Parks would perform the act that made her famous today. It has been told in a verity of ways by different authors but I think Jeanne Theoharis explains it very well.
Abstract In this article an African American Reformer of Womanist Consciousness, 1908-1940, it highlights the work of Elizabeth Ross Haynes as a politician, an African American social welfare reformer and “race woman.” Elizabeth Haynes worked with Through the Young Women’s Christian Association, the U.S. Department of Labor’s Women in Industry Service, and other organizations’. Haynes has done a lot of work that focuses on services for women and African Americans during the 1900’s and beyond, she was very interested in women’s labor issues and she dedicated much of her time in her professional career by researching, writing, and speaking on these particular subjects. Haynes was skilled at manipulating a complex social and professional maze, she leaves a legacy that deserves our acknowledgment and respect. In this article it discusses the implications for the social work practice based on Haynes activist community involvement, her commitment to African American social work on behalf of her race, and her woman consciousness. Keywords: Elizabeth Ross Haynes; History; African Americans; Women; Social Welfare; Labor An African American Reformer of Womanist Consciousness 1908-1940 Like most African American women of her time Haynes considered herself as a role model, she kept herself involved in researching, writing, and speaking about the issues of women’s labor, women’s roles in the political arena and the use of women’s talents and skills.
Certain activists groups included the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) and National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). As the organizations carried out their missions to improve conditions for African Americans, the women shaped the ideals of the organization and helped it stay afloat. In the beginning phases of SNCC, very few women had been offered the opportunity to hold a leadership position within the organization. During a demonstration in Rock Hill, South Carolina, Ruby- Doris Smith-Robinson began her career as an activist when she sat thirty days in the York County jail for a sit-in protest. After the thirty day jail
Her parents instilled strong values, humbleness, and the ability to listen to people and value what they are saying. These human skills attributes layer the foundation and is reflected in the ethical values Barnes has sustained throughout her career. Brenda Barnes received “her undergraduate degree in business and economics from Rockford, Illinois’ Augustana College in 1975… also entered Loyola University, from which she graduated with her M.B.A in 1978” (notablebiographies.com). In 1976, she landed a job as a business manager for Wilson Sporting Goods formerly a division of Pepsi. With determination she strived to succeed in a male dominated company and achieved her goal of becoming head of sales.
“Failure is a word that I simply don’t accept” John H. Johnson Defying the odds was John H. Johnson passion. He rose from poverty to become one of the most influential African American publishers in American history. Born in Arkansas in 1918, he was the grandson of slaves, his father was killed in a sawmill accident when he was eight. At that time, in Arkansas, blacks could not attend high school so in order to keep learning he attended 8th grade twice. His mother worked as a cook and as washerwomen for many years to support the family and to save enough to move her family to Chicago.
According to Sarah Killngsworth, “The war started and jobs kinda opened up for women that men had. I took a job at a shoe-repair store on Wilshire Boulevard. Cleanin’ shoes and dyin’ shoes, the same thing that men did.” Rosie the Riveter is widely known as the symbol of feminism and women’s economic power. “The Life and Times of Rosie the Riveter” by Connie Field, although the documentary was only an hour long, went into great detail to explain the “new place in society” that white and black women had during the time of World War II. Field chose five women to interview and talk about their experiences during the war, stressing the working conditions that the high volume of war production built for black and white women.
Women had many roles during World War II. They helped the military, worked in factories, and became nurses. Before the war, many women were just home makers. During World War II women could do anything. Even famous Rosie the Riveter once said, “We Can Do It!” (Panchyk 57) Women played a huge role in World War II.
Paying Attention Pays Off for Andra Rush Matt Reule Indiana Wesleyan University MGMT-532-01A Dr. Debbie Philpott May 7, 20 Andra’s intrapersonal skills stemmed from her focus, drive, and innovative nature. Andra took the initiative and control of her future by enrolling in Michigan’s MBA program. She entered and thrived in a predominately white male business. She was innovative by renting barges to transport her trucks over rivers because all bridges were closed after 9/11. (Hughes, 2012) Interpersonally, Andra used her listening skills and her confidence to take on the challenge of starting a new business.
1. Mary Reibey Mary Reibey, baptised Molly Haydock, was an English businesswoman who was born on the 12th of May 1777 in Bury, Lancashire, England. After the death of her parents, she was brought up by a grandmother and was sent into service. Later in 1794, she married Thomas Reibey and had 7 children. After the death of her husband she took over his business and became one of the most successful women.