Machiavelli: The Father Of Modern Political Theory

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NICCOLO MACHIAVELLI Introduction Known as the ‘father of modern political theory’ , Niccolo di Bernardo dei Machiavelli is a favourite amongst many present day politicians for his strong views on concentration of power in the hands of the (authority) King. Machiavelli rose to fame after he wrote his book called ‘The Prince’ which served as a handbook for unscrupulous politicians. Born on 3rd May, 1469 in Florence, Italy, Machiavelli was a political thinker and a diplomat for 14 years in Italy’s Florentine Republic during the Medici family’s exile. Machiavelli was born at a time when Italy was divided into 4 rival city-states namely, Florence, Milan, Venice and Naples and the Holy city - The Vatican. During this period…show more content…
injury ought to be of such a kind that one does not fear revenge” One cannot talk about Machiavelli without giving mention to one of his most celebrated works – ‘The Prince’. The book is essentially a letter to the King Lorenzo de Medici to promote a ‘champion’ or in other words a prince to unite Italy against its invaders and intruders. However, his advice to king showing signs of treachery, deceit and tyranny has given rise to the word ‘machiavellian’. Niccolo clearly explains that one cannot do good unless one is secure and gaining security requires extreme measures. His bluntness and straightforwardness in the expression of his thoughts in maintaining that it is okay for the king to use “wrong” methods as long as the goal is achieved has made his work highly controversial and also sort of laid a foundation for modern political science. I would now like to briefly touch upon each chapter in the book and then critically review it. I: Kinds of principalities and by what means they are…show more content…
He says a new ruler will find it easier to maintain his power if he resides in the kingdom. The main concern of ideology is first brought to light in this chapter where he stresses on the power politics and popular goodwill is important for a long rule. He says it is important for the king to maintain a good image in front of his people and at the same time they should fear him. IV to XXIII: Methods of coming to power and how to maintain it Throughout these chapters he talks about the various methods and routes of coming to power with a lot of examples. However, I would like to lightly touch upon these methods. He gives mention to the various principalities that are captured by arms or by fortune wherein the ones who have relied on fortune the least maintain a stronger control. Some principalities are acquired through wickedness. For eg. Agathocles became the king of Syracuse. He was a military officer and he called the senators of the state and the people as if to discuss matters of the state and at once gave the command to his soldiers to kill them all thus acquiring
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