Macbeth: the Murder of King Duncan

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“Take away order from all things, what should then remain? Certes, nothing finally, except some man would imagine eftsoons chaos.” This essay will delve into essence of Macbeth by exploring the important ideology of the Elizabethan people known as the Chain of Being; the cause that lead Macbeth to commit the sacrilegious murder, and how the Murder of the honourable King Duncan by Macbeth was an act exclusively reserved to the unnatural world resulting in the inversion of the natural order and turmoil in nature as well as in the mind of Macbeth. The Chain of Being was an idea that mapped out God's natural hierarchy to the world and all its living creatures. Minerals and other inanimate things in nature were at the bottom of the chain, below plants, insects, and other "less noble" creatures. In the animal kingdom, mighty beasts like lions, bears, and wolves reigned supreme. But humans undoubtedly ranked above the rest of the flora and fauna. The king who was God-chosen, according to absolute doctrines like the Divine Right of Kings, and clergy were the most important human beings. God, obviously, was at the very top of The Chain of Being. Since this holy chain was established by almighty God, it was considered sinful to disturb it and doing so would ultimately result in chaos. Macbeth's experiences bear testament to this. The prophecies made by the three witches (who are the manifestations of a troubled mind and are “instruments of darkness” – the active agents of evil in the world) awaken the seeds of evil within Macbeth. The first significant indication of Macbeth’s “vaulting ambition” comes when Malcolm is named heir to the throne, and Macbeth confesses to his “Black deep and dark desires” for the crown. This incident is significant in that it illustrates Macbeths reversed state of mind where emotion overpowers reason instead of reason overpowering emotion. This

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