J., 2011). The behavioral perspective states it is through operant conditioning that a person gains dissociative disorder. The person lets their mind drift for a bit to relieve the stress and anxiety from a recent trauma. The person is reinforced with forgetting so it occurs more and sometimes severely later on. Treatments There are three major types of treatment that seem to be successful; psychodynamic therapy, drug therapy, and hypnotic therapy.
This type of therapy helps patients overcome phobias and self-destructive behavior. Techniques used are flooding, systematic esensitization, counter-conditioning, and modeling. Cognitive therapy focuses on changing ones thought pattern. This type of therapy goes under the assumption that thoughts precede moods that cause false self-believes, which led to negative emotions. Each of these therapies have helped many overcome his or hers psychological disorder.
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Imagine constantly re-experiencing traumatic events in your head. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a severe mental health problem occurring after being exposed to a gruesome event. It is a common illness seen all over the world, mostly experienced by people ranging from 15 to 54 years of age. PTSD has numerous causes, negative effects, and several treatments. It is often summarized as “a normal reaction to an abnormal event” (Effects of Traumatic Stress) Post-traumatic stress disorder is affecting an estimated 31.3 million people worldwide.
It is hard, however, to get through each day while being a sufferer of PTSD. There are many treatments available for post traumatic disorder. "Two SSRIs [selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors] are approved for treatment of PTSD. There is also definitive evidence for the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy [CBT], including prolonged exposure therapy and cognitive processing therapy. Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing is somewhat controversial but also supported by clinical trial data” (Kelly, 2006).
Downfall: Macbeth’s Malevolent Ambition William Shakespeare’s Macbeth is a dark tale of murder, rape, deception, and the supernatural, and it very much reflects the state of England at the time. With the death of Elizabeth I, her distant Scottish cousin James took the throne, and many other relatives of the former queen were quite angry with the fact that James got the throne and not them. There was a huge conspiracy where many relatives planned to seize the throne, but the plot was foiled and the conspirators were tortured and then executed in a brutal fashion. Many historians believe the play was written because King James was Scottish and there were not many stories of Scotland, but the deeper reason is that he wanted to show the evils and dangers in having such large ambitions, such as regicides like the relatives of King James. Now in the play, Macbeth starts off as a loyal, courageous, stereotypical, drone like war hero but once a group of witches put this idea in his mind that he could become king, he starts spiraling downhill.
In fact, it is normal to feel sadness, fear, anxiety, a lack of focus, having recurring nightmares of the event, and changes in eating or sleeping patterns after a traumatic event. It is only if these feelings persist for over a month, if they’re overly intense or if the feelings are preventing normal routines and schedules that someone should be diagnosed with PTSD. Once called “battle fatigue syndrome” or “shell shock,” PTSD is a very intense condition that may branch from experiencing or witnessing physical harm or life threatening events, which may include the unexpected death of a loved one, natural disasters, sexual or physical assault, or war.Emergency and rescue workers can experience PTSD too due to the immense pressure their jobs demand. Victims’ families may also experience PTSD. This probably occurs because of the sudden shock of a changed mental state of their loved
The two tragic characters being compared are Lady Macbeth and Madea. Lady Macbeth is the wife of Macbeth and plays a key role in the play. She causes Macbeth to commit acts of violence and to go insane. Through her role in the play Lady Macbeth becomes insane and causes Macbeth to spiral out of control leading to the death of Macbeth and the suicide of herself. Madea is the wife of Jason, who was abandoned by him and left with no one because she was exiled from her original land.
Her hallucination of the blood on her hands and her constant efforts to wash it off shows the suffering of having a guilty conscience, which is causing her to go insane. We later find out that she commits suicide due to it. The purpose of blood changes for the last time to a symbol of freedom when Macduff says, "I have no words: / My voice is in my sword, thou bloodier villain / Than terms can give thee out!" (Act 5, Scene 8, Lines 9-10) and then goes on to slay Macbeth. After analyzing all the different uses of blood throughout the book you can see how Shakespeare uses “blood” to show the change and transformation of characters.
He has becomes obsessed with preventing the overthrow of him as a king. Some may say Macbeth became stronger as the play went on, but evidences shows he had become weaker as the haunting of the ghost Banquo broke him down to a point where he was questionably insane. He relied far too much on the prophecies and the supernatural, which in the end was his downfall. Towards the end of the play Lady Macbeth has died and the battle is drawing closer to Macbeth. After hearing the news of Lady Macbeth’s death Macbeth appears unemotional “She should have died hereafter;…” Macbeth is overly confident due to the witch’s prophecies telling him that anyone born from a woman cannot harm him.
With the predictions of the witches, there is an immediate shift of Macbeth’s character. Macbeth, soon after discovering the second prediction of the witches is correct, he begins contemplating the last prediction, his murder of Duncan. Macbeth while contemplating states, “My thought, whose murder yet is but fantastical, / Shakes so my single state of man that function / Is smother'd in surmise, and nothing is / But what is not”(Shakespeare 1.3.159-162). Macbeth’s aside begins his downfall, already starting to shift his character from a loyal nobleman to the ambitious tyrant, with this very acceptance of his “fate”. Additionally, soon after Macbeth’s return , Lady Macbeth, aware of the witches’ prediction, begins pressing Macbeth to murder