Macbeth Essay

1129 WordsMar 20, 20125 Pages
Macbeth: Psychoanalytic Approach Can a human satisfy his own needs and not consider what is right or wrong? Many authors have written about murder and the victim, but in “Macbeth” Shakespeare not only writes about the murder but the challenge of guilt following a murder. In the play “Macbeth” the protagonist is introduced to the audience as a moral and good man. Macbeth quickly surrenders to evil by the pressure of his wife and the want of power leaving him a murderer and a victim simultaneously. In the article “Bargains with Fate: The Case of Macbeth” written by Bernard Paris demonstrates how the characters in Macbeth are tragic heroes with human behavior which are still pertinent today. The article discusses Karen Horney’s psychoanalytical approach of “bargain with fate”. The expression “bargain with fate” suggests that bargaining is a mysterious procedure which if a person conforms to ones fear to find a solution will allow one to reach their aspirations. Paris points out; Macbeth suffers from an inner conflict. Macbeth begins the play with high morals, but in the end he concedes to his want of power over goodness. “His need for greatness threatens to get out of control and to violate his need to be good.” (Paris) Paris describes Macbeth’s fluctuation emotions about murdering Duncan. He illustrates the conflict within Macbeth. On one hand he knows he needs to murder Duncan to become King on the other hand he fears his damnation. Paris states that that his fears are authentic but this brings him back to the “bargain with fate”. As the reader, I can see how Paris is incorporating Horney’s theories in his article. In the articles conclusion, it compares “Macbeth” and “Crime and Punishment”, which states that the consequences for both protagonist are greater internally than externally. In the end both protagonist become self destructive. By comparing

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