Now they are older and may need blood tests, maybe insulin dependent diabetic - they would need psychoanalysis in the day care centre to get over this phobia We need to be careful not to make assumptions about services users – their behaviour may be due to earlier childhood experiences. It is important to understand this and not to label them (stereotype them). Instead we should be recognising this and providing a support plan. Fixation at any of the psychosexual stages can result in extreme behaviours associated with that stage in adulthood – day care centres may find these behaviours hard to manage, There are now courses in day care centres for staff called
This approach will help change people who are alcoholics by a therapy called ‘aversion therapy’ this is when alcoholics are given a drug which when mixed with alcohol causes vomiting. The behaviourist approach helps when shaping someone behaviour through operant conditioning, reinforcements & punishment. Reinforcements & punishment could also change person’s behaviours if they were autistic by making them interact socially by making sure they make eye contact in the everyday life activities with other people. The use of token economies for behaviour modification can be used for adults and/or children who are in prison or young offender’s institute. Social approach The social learning theory is used to help promote anti–discriminatory behaviours and practices.
In the treatment for alcohol and drug dependence, the goal of cognitive behavioral therapy is to teach the person to recognize situations in which they are most likely to drink or use drugs, avoid these circumstances if possible, and cope with other problems and behaviors which may lead to their substance abuse. Depression There is a very close relationship between depression and substance abuse in adults. The two conditions are highly comorbid, which is to say that they occur together in an extremely high percentage of individuals. There are a number of different ways that this occurs. Substance abuse can cause depression and depression can cause substance abuse.
Technology, when used properly, may aid a society’s development, but overall the extent of what technology may accomplish could hinder rather than progress society’s growth. Ray Bradbury conveys this message in Fahrenheit 451 with the use of specific aspects of technology unique to the story’s society. This leads to the realization by the reader that when technology is abused, its use may develop into an extremely harmful addiction. While many devices are mentioned in the book, one such example of harmful technology is the stomach pump. The stomach pump is a medical device used to replace the bad material inside of a person’s body.
There were many reasons an adolescent will try and even abuse different types of drugs and possibly alcohol; some of them included peer pressure, boredom, and curiosity and/or family problems such as parents going through a divorce. There were many warning signs and consequences that both adolescents and others should looked out for when getting involved with drugs. Once addicted to any type of drug, it can have a long-lasting effect on that adolescent's life, which can unfortunately cause death if left untreated. There was hope for those addicted; by one recognizing that may have a problem it can help lead them on the road to recovery, which can be a reward all in itself. However, it was very beneficial for an adolescent to have support from others when recovering, along with encouragement, comfort and guidance.
This is because chronic exposure to the nicotine eventually results in a chronic stress situation for the addict, characterised by withdrawal symptoms. This is effective at explaining why the smoking is maintained because as the withdrawal symptoms affect the user so negatively if the substance is stopped, the addiction is maintained to avoid this negative experience. Similarly the explanation is also as effective at explaining why the addicts relapse after giving up smoking. This is because as the withdrawal symptoms are so hard to resist and lead to such a negative experience, the user eventually takes the substance again to feel better. Also as the user’s brain is expecting a pleasurable experience from the addiction, it creates difficult to resist cues that the addict finds hard to
Behavioral Therapies- an approach based on the principles of classical conditioning. Individual are repeatedly present with unpleasant stimulus, and they are expected to react negatively to the substance and lose the craving. Cognitive-Behavior Therapies-help people gain control over their substance-related behaviors, by making them keep track of their substance use. Biological Treatments- helps people withdraw from substances, abstain from them or simply maintain their level of use without further increase, (detoxification, drug maintenance therapy, and antagonist drugs). Sociocultural Therapies-Psychological problems emerge in a social setting and are best treated in social context.
Individuals do this to make the pain go away which ultimately they really just defense mechanisms (Gottdiener, Murawski, & Kucharski, 2008). “According to psychoanalytic conflict theory, defense mechanisms are activated when the individual experiences any form of displeasure, especially anxiety or depressive affect” (Brenner, 1982). Failures of ego control are related to individuals with substance use disorders. “Ego control refers to the efforts of the individual to control thoughts, emotions, impulses and ability to perform tasks and attention processes” (Baumeister & Vohs, 2004, p. 2). The article also addresses the result of consistent failures in ego control.
Because the program of harm reduction involves people who are willing to become change agents, educating and empowering themselves to make better choices involving their drugs (Enders, 2009), sociological labeling of the user hinders the practice of harm reduction. Because harm reduction shifts the users’ and societal paradigms by offering new perspectives, harm reduction reduces the likelihood of drug overdoses by instituting strategies for safer drug use choices. Therefore, in the absence of detrimental sociological labeling, the goal of harm reduction is to provide community services, educational resources and opioid reversal kits to drug users, their associates and their community which can prevent opioid overdose
If the client is showing signs of psychosis or is on anti-psychotics then I would refer the client on to a psychotherapist as it would be unethical for me to treat that client. There are many reasons why people over eat and it is important to establish what categories the clients fall into as this will influence their treatment plan. Eat to lesson an unpleasant experience. We learn this form an early age as we are given a sweet or something else when we hurt ourselves or were in pain. This would distract out attention from the pain and would make us feel good.