Lymphatic Disorder Essay

459 Words2 Pages
Hodgkin Disease Hodgkin disease (Hodgkin lymhoma) is a type of lymphoma, a cancer that starts in white blood cells called lymphocytes. Lymphocytes are part of the body’s immune system. There are 2 kinds of lymphomas: Hodgkin disease and Non-Hodgkin lymphoma. These types of lymphomas differ in how they behave, spread, and respond to treatment, so it is important to tell them apart. Doctors can usually tell the difference between them by looking at the cancer cells under a microscope or by using sensitive lab tests. Both children and adults can develop Hodgkin disease. Because lymphoid tissue is in many parts of the body, Hodgkin disease can start almost anywhere. Most often it starts in lymph nodes in the upper part of the body. The most common sites are in the chest, in the neck, or under the arms. Hodgkin disease most often spreads through the lymph vessels in a stepwise fashion from lymph node to lymph node. Rarely, and late in the disease, it can invade the bloodstream and spread to other parts of the body, including the liver, lungs, and/or bone marrow. Different types of Hodgkin disease are classified by how they look under the microscope. This is important because types of Hodgkin disease may grow and spread differently and may be treated differently. The 2 main types are: Classic Hodgkin disease and Nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin disease. All types of Hodgkin disease are malignant (cancerous) because as they grow they can invade and destroy normal tissue and spread to other tissues. Hodgkin disease is most common in the United States, Canada, and northern Europe, and is least common in Asian countries. Hodgkin disease occurs slightly more often in males than in females. Brothers and sisters of young people with this disease have a higher risk for Hodgkin disease. The risk is very high for an identical twin

More about Lymphatic Disorder Essay

Open Document