Lung Cancer Essay

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Lung Cancer Lung Cancer, the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the lung a type of malignant or cancerous growth in the lungs is currently the most common cause of death among women and men, causing more deaths than breast, prostate and colorectal cancer combined1. This horrible disease has not only taken my mother but continues to cause an alarming 228,190 new cases per year and 159,480 deaths per year2. Although lung cancer has an alarming high rate of new cases, one can prevent themselves from becoming part of this number simply by not smoking. According to the National Cancer Association, lung cancer is highly preventable since 90% of lung cancer cases are caused by smoking. Lung cancer is a horrible aggressive and metastatic disease with a variety of negative signs and symptoms, limited treatment options and an extremely low cure rate. As mentioned before, one of the main and most preventable causes of lung cancer is cigarette smoking; representing 85 percent of all cases.3 Cigarette smoking is currently the number one risk factor for lung cancer and the most preventable one. Tobacco smoke is a toxic mix of more than 7,000 chemicals, many of which are poisonous and at least 70 of which are known to cause cancer in people or animals. People who smoke are 15 to 30 times more likely to get lung cancer or die from lung cancer than people who do not smoke.4 Even smoking a few cigarettes a day or occasional smoking increases our lung cancer risk significantly. The longer a person smokes and the greater the number of cigarettes smoked each day, the higher the risk. Other risk factors or causes of lung cancer include exposure to asbestos, radon, nickel, chloromethyl ether, chromium, beryllium and arsenic, as well as previous exposure to secondhand smoke. The lung, the main organs of our respiratory system and their main function being respiration,

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