When they won the French and Indian War, England had to make a few reforms. King George III declared the Proclamation of 1763, which forbid American colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains in an effort the stabilize relations with the Native Americans. However this angered many colonists who had land grants there and in turn, the Proclamation Line was ignored. This was the start of a series of disagreements between the two lands, as the American citizens began to gain a stronger taste for independence. Enlightenment writers such as John Locke, who patented the idea that it
The attempt to resolve these issues by the North Ministry resulted in a revolution. (The American Revolution: Writings from the War of Independence (2001), Library of America, 880pp) During the 17th century, the Europeans acquired a taste for tea which rival companies were created to import the tea from China. The Parliament in England, gave the East India Company the control of the importation of the tea in 1968. The Tea became very popular in the British colonies which caused the Parliament to remove foreign competition by passing a Tea Act in 1721 which required that colonies to import their tea from Great Britain and nowhere else. By law, the East India Company did not export the tea to the colonies.
The Townshend Acts In 1767 Charles Townshend who was the chancellor of the exchequer, created the Townshend Acts . The Townshend Acts were approved by British Parliament on June 26-June 2, 1767 and were repealed April 12, 1770. Charles Townshend proposed the program in order to raise 40,000 pounds a year so that the English parliament could cut the british land tax and this would also raise money to pay for the salaries of governors and judges. Some of the things that the Act taxed were paper, oil, lead, glass, and tea that went into American ports. Townshend knew that his program would be controversial in the colonies, but he argued that, "The superiority of the mother country can at no time be better exerted than now."
The Boston Tea Party happened in 1773. It all started when the British decided to start taxing the colonists in many ways, including a tea tax, as a way to get back their war costs. The colonists refused to pay some of these taxes and therefore England had to retract the taxes; all the taxes were taken back except for the tea tax. Parliament decided to get their tea from somewhere else rather than from where their tea was being taxed. This plan, however, backfired when the ships at the harbor were to have their tea goods sent to a warehouse where it was stored for three years.
The third act established strict and often arbitrary machinery of customs collection in the American Colonies, including additional officers, searchers, spies, coast guard vessels, search warrants, writs of assistance, and a Board of Customs Commissioners at Boston, all to be financed out of customs revenues. The fourth and most important Townshend Act, lifted commercial duties on tea, allowing it to be exported to the Colonies free of all British taxes. In 1773 Parliament passed a Tea Act designed to aid the financially troubled East Indian Company by granting it a monopoly on all tea exported to the colonies, an exemption on the export tax, and a refund on duties owed on certain surplus quantities of tea in its possession. The tea sent
Jason Walker 09/06/12 History Boston Tea Party The topic I have chosen to write about is the Boston Tea Party. This Tea Party was basically a resistant movement against the British Government. The reason why is because the British Government started to put taxes on the tea, and other things like the stamp act, to make the colonists pay for the protection they get from the British army that is there. But the colonist did not want to pay for those taxes at all. Reason being, is because the British army was not need.
Between the settlement of Jamestown in 1607 and the French and Indian War the colonies have been isolated by the mother country due to the policy of salutary neglect in which the king argued that colonies should take care of their own affairs, as the British were busy fighting foreign wars. In 1763 the foreign wars ended in British victory, now the mother country has the time to focus on the colonies and restored its empire by taxing the colonies. Over 150 years of self - rule, yet loyal to the mother country, the English colonist will be imposed to follow laws and policies that violates the principles of their natural rights, and the principle of no taxation without representation The Proclamation Act of 1763 marked the beginning of the American Revolution as
Although communication between the King’s representatives and the Crown was slow Britain did react forcefully to the colonist rebellious actions. The Boston Tea Party was considered one of the earliest rebellious actions taken against the Crown. In 1767 the British government enacted the Indemnity Act, which did not last long and was replaced by the Townshend Act. The Townshend Act placed taxes on lead, glass, paper and tea. The most signification of which was the tax on tea; because the colonist drank approximately 1.2 million pounds of tea each year.
The Colonists thought if they complained loudly enough that Parliament would get rid of the taxes. But any taxes Parliament repealed were soon reinstated with other taxes or duties. England was trying to raise money to pay for the French-Indian war and was heavily taxing the Colonists. Things got really bad when the British taxed the favorite drink of the Colonist’s, tea. Tea was really popular at that time, kind of like coffee is today.
The Boston Tea Party The liberation of America was not based on one specific event, but the accumulation of many significant events that lead to the American Revolution. The Boston Tea Party was a political protest against the British government and East Indian Company that took place in Boston, Massachusetts on December 16, 1773. American patriots disguised themselves as a Native American tribe called the “Mohawk,” and boarded a ship belonging to the British East Indian Company, dumping 342 chests of tea into the Boston Harbor. Many say it was an act of vandalism and disrespect, but in reality it was one of the many stepping-stones that led to the American Revolution. The event that started as a revolt against the tax policy on tea became an iconic event in American history and led to major tension between the Americans and Europeans.