Despite being written during patriarchal Jacobean society, the protagonist is a female, which is was highly unusual in those days. Of course this protagonist is Lady Macbeth. Throughout the play, through Lady Macbeth's actions we are forced to believe that she is evil. In contrast, the novel John Steinbeck tells a story of dreams, hopes and loneliness. We are introduced to a majorly significant and complex character, named Curley’s wife.
Morgan le Fay, Lady Bertilak, and the Virgin Mary, help develop the overall themes of the work by forcing the Gawain to question his ideals. Morgan le Fay and Lady Bertilak, the magical old woman and the beauty, are characterized as the male hero’s opponents. They manipulate but rely on his final choice, and are protected by their social status in Bertilak’s court. Both Morgan and Lady Bertilak are condemned in Gawain’s angry speech for stepping outside what he expected and for challenging his conflicting ideals. Gawain’s lady love, Mary, on the other hand, is the constant guide and source of comfort to which he may always turn.
Francois’ Candide, bashed the Christian power among many other things and was seen as a major contributor to the idealists of the Enlightenment. Voltaire was able to utilize Candide to demonstrate the most prominent issues of the Enlightenment period such as the hubris of nobility, how optimism and rationality is able to lessen the evils rendered by humans and criticize the revolution itself simultaneously. Even though the symbol of optimism is a key focus of satire in Candide, Voltaire did make sure that he pointed out the flaws of so called “Nobility” and its need of change in the new Enlightenment age. Voltaire ridiculed the nobles, along with their beliefs, showing readers that the previous way of nobility was arrogant and showed how change of this thought was important in the enlightenment period. Voltaire displayed this idea primarily through two main characters in Candide; the first was with Don Fernando and second was with Cunegund and her family.
He is poking fun at the age old concept of ‘equality,’ one that has inspired wars and movements alike; he accomplishes this by creating a system to make everyone equal, a system that happens to be just as stupid as the idea of ‘total equality.’ Under this system equality is achieved, but it is at the cost of individual freedom and a society full of stupid people, this in-turn creates the situational irony found in the story. The plot of the story itself is a piece of situational irony, however there are many other instances found throughout it, including verbal irony. One specific example of this is when Hazel and George are talking, Vonnegut writes “ ‘I think I’d make a good Handicapper General. (Hazel)’ ‘Good as anybody else,’ said George.” His response to Hazel’s comment is slightly sarcastic, but also ironic, in that she really would be “as good anybody else” because in their society everyone is just as good or bad as everybody else. Another example of this false sense of equality is when George says,
Definitely not. But is the pattern of the wallpaper interesting and confusing? Probably yes. The author’s use of the first person to convey the story allows readers to go along for the ride into madness and cultivates a certain amount of sympathy for the narrator and her plight. The constant use of "I" puts us right in the narrator’s head and allows us to empathize with her.
How do Iago and Cassio differ in Act 2 Scene 3? Shakespeare uses a number of techniques to convey to the reader the idea of trust. This idea stems from the concept of doubt and deceit, showing us that whom we may truly believe to be the ones trying to help us and be friendly to us in our time of need may in fact be the dishonest one after all. During Act 2 Scene 3, a lot is learnt about the characters of both Iago and Cassio; however these traits are discovered differently by the reader and by the characters, adding dramatic irony to the story. One of the ways in which the two characters are portrayed as different roots to how the other characters portray them, compared to how the reader may portray them.
I find Moliere’s play, Tartuffe, to be entertaining for the underlying message of historical hypocrisy which it sheds to light. After reading the comedy of Tartuffe, I can only agree that it is an intellectual whirlwind of classical genius which tantalizes even the modern mind by echoing to us the importance of scrutinizing the narratives and analyzing the flaws and follies alike which are evident even within our own era. Tartuffe stands out to me because of the power that resonated from the creation of this societal satire and the fact that unlike other works of the era which were forced to fall in line with a strict code of adherence generated by the aristocracy of the classical era, this piece served as a direct challenge to the narrative
But with further examination, when they state, “Fair is foul, and Foul is fair,” they are using a paradox by inversely relating fair to being foul, and foul to being fair. This emphasizes the meaning that nothing is as it seems; Macbeth is fought to be this fair, amazing person but in reality he is as foul as “ the devil himself.” While on the other hand the witches are foul, vile creatures that gives Macbeth fair advice; which helps influence Macbeth faith. In Act 1, scene iii , lines 124-128, Banquo warns Macbeth of the witches prophecies, and the danger that lies behind them, calling them “ instruments of darkness that tells us the truth” only “ to betray’s/ In deepest consequence.” In other words, the witches only tell you what you want to hear, and leaves the negative aspect of their visions for you to find out later on when it is too late. This is an example of a synecdoche and an indirect metaphor, because Banquo is stating and comparing the witches to “instruments of darkness,” and just like an instrument the witches are able to lure Macbeth into believing he will be king only to deceive him at the end of the play; which ultimately leads to his death. This connects to the quote said by Lady Macbeth when she states, “ Hie thee hither/ That I may pour my spirits in thine ear/ And chastise with the valor of my tounge/ All that impedes thee from the golden round.
This continues throughout the text as the hostile nature of Heathcliff develops without a suitable reaction from Lockwood, and the enthusiasm can once again be felt in Lockwood’s persistent sincerity, “I felt interested in a man who seemed more exaggeratedly reserved than myself”. The characters plays a big part in creating the tone, as the two contrast and highlights each others characteristics. This is obvious in their use of diction - the narrator Mr. Lockwood uses words such as “beautiful”, “heart”, “honour” and “hope” while Mr. Heathcliff is described by and uses a vocabulary including
This is illustrated when the witches say: “Fair is foul, and foul is fair, /Hover through the fog and filthy air” (1.1.12-13). This also connects to the reversal theme that good is evil and evil is good. All is not as it may appear to be. Also the witches use equivocation to perform their evil deeds: “All hail Macbeth, hail to thee, Thane of Glamis. /All hail Macbeth, hail to thee, Thane of Cawdor.