Refer to situation anaylsis 2. Internal Marketing Audit Operating Results Total group sales have reduced by £225.9m to £923.2m, plus a 12.1 decline in sales. “An adverse movement in the Hong Kong dollar, offset by favourable movements in the Euro and Singapore dollar, impacted sales by £0.4m and operating proﬁt by £nil.”(HMVgroup, 2012). Sales lessened from £1,102.2m to £873.1m and the costs afore tax and special items were £16.2m, which is down from a proﬁt of £16.2m in the previous period. Furthermore, significant charges of withdrawn operation of £33.5m were sustained in the year.
Statistics state that the trade value of the U.S music market decreased 10.7% in 2009 due to the up rise in piracy. (IFPI Report) 1. In the 2011 IFPI report, under section 14 “Digital Piracy- Facts and Trends” it is stated, “Despite the surge by more than 1000% in the digital music market from 2004-2010, an estimated value of $4.6 billion, global recorded music revenues declined by 31% over the same period. The two figures powerfully illustrate how, in the face of piracy, even the most progressive strategy of licensing hundreds of digital music services has been unable to prevent the steady decline in the overall legitimate music market and that decline will continue unless action is taken.” B. The same database continues to give statistics about how there has been a steady decline in profits through album release and
According to Kozol, one of the main causes of homelessness in the 1980s was the vast reduction in affordable housing. Kozol explains that “gentrification,” the transformation of a low-rent neighborhood to a more prestigious one, raised rents and pushed the poor into homelessness (433). He states, “Half a million units of low-income housing are lost each year to condominium conversion as well as to arson, demolition, or abandonment” and that rent for lower-income individuals increased more than 30 percent since 1980 (433). Additionally, Kozol claims that almost half of low-income “SRO (single-room occupancy) units” were “replaced by luxury apartments and office buildings between 1970 and 1980” (435). In addition to the reduction in low-income housing, Kozol also argues that there was a severe shortage of employment positions that paid a living wage.
One of the effects of shift lag has been found to be decreased alertness. Shift workers often experience a circadian trough where there alert levels plummet. This usually occurs between 12:00am and 4:00am and is due to reduced body temperature and a decrease in cortisol levels. This effect of shift work has been supported by research carried out by Moor Ede. It has been found that the decreased alertness, as a result of shift lag, costs the USA seventy billion dollars per year.
Problems The first actionable problem is the increase in pricing for the service that we provide here at Netflix. Netflix has dropped 15% in heavy trading stock and has also lost over 2.5 million subscribers and projected to lose another 6.5 million due to the immense price jump. As you can see by reading the symptoms the problem in pricing is the major reason why revenue has dropped in the last year and is continue to fall. The price increase has caused customers to rethink their subscription to the company as most customers believe that watching movies is a pass time and not a necessity. Another problem the company is facing is the decline in market share.
Also, it can be seen the earnings per share were down by 12% and the return on average capital was down by 10%. However, net sales were up by 2%, and share holder’s equity was up by 25%. (About PPG, 2013) PPG Industries For The Year 2012 2011 2010 In Millions Except for per shares Current Assets $7,702 $6,694 $7,058
We see this again from 2004 all the way to 2010 with unemployment increasing to 10%. We can see that the economy hits a recession after roughly 10 years of gradual expansion. Okun’s Law states that for every 1% rises in Unemployment, GDP decreases by roughly 3%. The above Scatter Plot chart shows data from 1981 to 2010 and we can see that for every 1% rise in Unemployment over this period, GDP dropped by 0.4%. This shows a negative slop and that the relationship is relatively weak due to the fact the GDP has decreased by less than 1%.
During that time the Company experienced troubles and the revenue has fallen while debt taken on to finance mergers and infrastructure investment remained the same. Ultimately, the market value of the Company’s common stock plunged from about $125 billion in 2000 to less than $150 million as of July 1st 2002. Overall, more than $9 billion in false or unsupported accounting entries were made in WorldCom’s financial systems in order to achieve desired reported financial results. (WorldCom stock price) Quantification of Findings We have audited the accompanying balance sheets of WorldCom Corporation as of December 31, 1999 and December 31, 2000, and the related statements of income, cash flow, and stockholders’ equity for the period ended December 31, 1999 and December 31, 2000. During our review of the income statement we noticed that the Corporation mistakenly releases accruals and capitalize expenses that should be charged on expenses.
Total losses for the four days: $30 billion, 10 times federal budget and more than the U.S. had spent in World War I ($32B estimated). The crash wiped out 40 percent of the paper value of common stock. Although this was a cataclysmic blow, most scholars do not believe that the stock market crash, alone, was sufficient to have caused the Great Depression. And the next possible cause is bank failure.In 1929, there were 25,568 banks in the United States; by 1933, there were only 14,771. Personal and corporate savings dropped from $15.3 billion in 1929 to $2.3 billion in 1933.
The policy of reducing debt made MC leave the company with just $36 million cash which was well under the number of 1990 ($283 million cash ). MC’s stock prices fell more than two-thirds from $33.38 in 1989 to $10.50 in 1990, resulting in a drop of $2 billion in market capitalization; even if in 1991 it went up to $16.50. Another consequence was an important decrease of Times interest earned from 2.6 in 1989 to 1.4 in 1990 and 1.5 in 1991 which triggered a depreciation of bond rating from A3 in 1989 to Baa3 in 1991 quite close to junk bonds. For the future this is a strong signal of the MC financial crisis situation. Most liquidity and solvency indicators show that the group would have not been unable to cover its current obligations/liabilities and was close to bankruptcy.