General John Freemont of Missouri attempted to enact an order which would have freed all slaves. General David Hunter, aware of the potential slaves have to turn the tide to the war, also attempted to enact an order which would have abolished slavery in South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. Lincoln stops all of these orders from being enacted due to stance of slavery. Lincoln felt that compensated emancipation or colonization for free Blacks in American was the best policy but Union victories increasing in number, Lincoln would enact the Emancipation Proclamation to officially shift the moral authority away from American unity to freedom. The Emancipation Proclamation, initially enacted as a war strategy had been held off for so long because Lincoln believed that making the war about freeing slaves would force slave holding states into seceding from the union but with the end of war in sight, the proclamation is officially
At the time of Ulysses S. Grant's election to the presidency, white supremacists were conducting a reign of terror throughout the South. In outright defiance of the Republican-led federal government, Southern Democrats formed organizations that violently intimidated blacks and Republicans who tried to win political power. The most prominent of these, the Ku Klux Klan, was formed in Pulaski, Tennessee, in 1865. Originally founded as a social club for former Confederate soldiers, the Klan evolved into a terrorist organization. It would be responsible for thousands of deaths, and would help to weaken the political power of Southern blacks and Republicans.
But as time passed, people started to believe that slavery was unconstitutional. Debates were fought, muskets snapped, and cannons roared in order to secure the future of our country. After a war that separated the country for the first time in her short history, slavery was abolished; but laws and manuscript can only do so much. For the generations that were imprinted with this natural racism, it would take an equal amount of explanation and understanding to have any hope of a change in their mindset. Langston Hughes’s poem depicts this as the “Negro bearing slavery’s scars”, stating that no matter how much time has or will pass, the social and mental damage has already been done (20).
If the existence of slavery in the South was not the major factor that led to the Civil War, the issue that did lead the South to choosing to secede from the union was whether new states would have slavery or not. 5. After the civil War was over and the slaves were freed, the south enacted The Black Codes to keep African
Reconstruction Congress took action in 1867 of reconstruction and tried to reconstruct and bring together our divided nation. They did this by applying certain requirements for the Confederate states to become part of the Union again, and trying to protect the citizenship right of freedom. But, Reconstruction ended by 1877 and the government’s efforts of equal rights were soon gone. Congress’ Reconstruction efforts to confirm equal rights to the freedmen failed. After president Abraham Lincoln died and the failure of President Johnson, Congress tried to take responsibility of the plans to reconstruct the divided nation that they had before.
To what extent did The Ku Klux Klan prevented African Americans from gaining Civil Rights in the years 1960-64? Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, the Ku Klux Klan re-emerged, feeling that their goal of white supremacy was being challenged by the Civil Rights Campaign. Between these years they created many problems for the campaign, and could even be blamed for the lack of Civil Rights legislation in this period. One of the key ways in which the Klan blocked any progress was through intimidation and fear. In many Southern States the force and presence of the Klan was enough to dissuade African Americans from joining the campaign - Mississippi, as state with the highest amount of Klan activity also had the lowest amount of registered African American voters, and the lowest amount of NAACP activists.
Northerners saw the Klan as an attempt to win through terrorism what they had been unable to win on the battlefield. Such a simple view did not totally explain the Klan's sway over the South, but there is little doubt that many Confederate veterans exchanged their rebel gray for the hoods and sheets of the invisible empire. The conditions in the South, immediately after the war, added to Southerners' fears and frustrations. Cities, plantations and farms were ruined; people were broke and often hungry; there was an occupation army in their midst; and Reconstruction governments threatened to seize the traditional white ruling authority. In the first few months after the fighting ended, white Southerners had to contend with the losses of life, property, and in their eyes, honor.
After a long term against, they get some good effects. The sixteenth president Abraham Lincoln, “on January 1, 1863, issued the Emancipation Proclamation that declared forever free those slaves within the Confederacy.” (www.whitehouse.gov) It is a historic matter that blacks have a good effort to win the respect. However, the discrimination still appeared in the whole country. The black people still need to struggle the unfairness from society. In this process, it occurred a lot murder and violence.
Although revered for his efforts and courage in the North, the South typically viewed John Brown as lawless murderer and condemned him. At this point, many abolitionists felt the need to abandon their means of peacefulness in their demands to end slavery. Southerners were shocked and scared regarding the matter since he had means of organizing a slave rebellion, even though he was a white man. The raid had caused a great amount of fear for slave revolts and abolition in the South, thus pushing further the issue of