Louisiana Reconstruction

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Reconstruction The violence of the Civil War left the south completely destroyed. The landscape, society, and culture of most Confederate states would never be the same. In Louisiana, Reconstruction was begun by William Butler in 1862. Many Louisiana civilians were torn in their views for the future. When some citizens began to support Union control again, other whites just kept resisting any form of reconciling with whom they still considered a northern enemy. Many efforts were made on state and national levels to reconstruct the South and its equalize its’ citizens. Many events, whether governemental or violent, led to the reconstruction of Louisiana. William Butler, who was first known as “Beast Butler” for…show more content…
In the Constituion of 1864 new governmental officials were elected and a new state constitution was written. The constitution abolished slavery, did away with the laws dealing with planters and mercahnts, but did not give African Americans the right to vote. In 1865, the 13th Ammendment which abolished slavery across the entire United States was ratified. Also in 1865, Lousisiana adopts a “Black Code.” The Black codes were instituted to control the behavior and actions of former slaves. The code granted the rights to aquire and own property, make contracts, marry, and testify in courts to free former slaves. But, the main purpose was to bring back the planation economy by badly paying blacks like laborers instead of outright slaves. The Freedmans Bureau was aslso establish. FMB was set up to aid and protect newly freed blakcs after the civil war. FMB was nto very successful. Hated in the south and had agents who did not support it..The severity of Louisiana’s Black Codes brought on more radical reconstruction from the north. The Civil Rights Act of 1866 sated that all citizens were to have the rights to protect person and property, make contracts, and bring lawsuits. This legislation ruled over all state…show more content…
In Grant Parish, during the 1872 elections, two governments were formed at every level of politics in La. Former slaves, who were fearful that local democrats would seize power, took over Colfax, the current seat of Grant Parish and caused the bloodiest single act of racial violence during the Reconstruction period. Another rebellious group, the White League created more violence in Coushatta Lousisiana in 1873. This act was aimed towards a carpet bagger politician Marshall Harvey Twitchell,whos brother the Whte League had already executed. Although Twitchell tried to restore control in Coushatta, Democrats remained in strong
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