Louis Xiv Essay: Strong Monarch

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Question: “In Louis XIV’s view, what were the qualities of an effective monarch? In his opinion, what were the main obstacles to absolute rule? Louis XIV’s view of an “effective” monarch is absolutism in power and direct control over his subjects by giving them no more and no less to “carefully guard against their excess (Document D) as well as external glory in foreign affairs. Louis wasn’t fond of nobilities during his absolute rule as monarch in France, because of the past rebellion of the Fronde, however in Louis XIV’s view he wasn’t to be effective if he had dissolved the nobles rather he would work through them instead. With the Fronde in the back of Louis’s mind, he was to make an effective choice of picking members for his council, which would rule his political, military, administrative, and economical affairs. Louis chose his council members from families long in royal service or from among people just beginning to work their way in the social structure. Louis liked having direct control over his subjects, not only council members, or noble classes, but even in religion. Louis believed that the state of France would be better worked not only under one king and one law, but as well under one religious system, and thus Louis would no longer tolerate the Reformed church in France. Louis then revoked the Edict of Nantes and many of the Reformed Church members either left France or converted to Catholicism. Another way of becoming an effective monarch was through wealth, style, and glory as shown in the palace of Versailles (Document B). The palace was originally a hunting lodge in a small country village but during Louis XIV’s reign it had evolved from a small hunting lodge to a secular palace of awe that would become the prison of many nobles, royal officials, and servants. Versailles
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