Louis Pasteur Biography Essay

477 WordsSep 16, 20122 Pages
Louis Pasteur Louis Pasteur was born on 27 December 1822 in Dole, France. For several years of research and teaching, Pasteur was appointed professor of chemistry at the University of Lille. During his years of teaching and researching, he was able to demonstrate that organisms such as bacteria were responsible for souring wine and beer. He proved that the bacteria could be removed by boiling and then cooling the liquid. This process is now called pasteurization. He later did more experiments to find where these bacteria came from. Pasteur proved that they were coming from the environment. One time, Pasteur was asked to help the silk industry in southern France. He had no experience of the subject but Pasteur identified parasitic infections as the major cause and preferred that only disease-free eggs to be used. His order saved the industry. Various investigations convinced him of the germ theory of disease, which states that germs attack the body from outside. Many believed that such tiny organisms could not possibly kill humans or larger beings. He then extended this theory and explained the causes of many diseases such as anthrax, cholera, TB, and smallpox, also including the prevention of these diseases by vaccination. Tragically in 1868, Pasteur suffered from a brain hemorrhage that affected the left side of his body. This affected his ability to work. But the works that he had done, had inspired a number of younger scientists. Later Pasteur developed his work by finding out ways humans could be prevented from getting diseases. But Pasteur always lacked detailed medical knowledge. Therefore he introduced to doctors, Emile Roux and Charles Chamberland. Pasteur and his team researched the next disease, rabies. Most human victims of rabies died a painful death. Though the team could not identify the germ, they did find that the rabies germ attacked

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